Saturday, July 11, 2020
Sports

Field and equipments

Football Ground
Diagram of a football field

The field is rectangular with a maximum dimension of 110mts x 75mts and a minimum dimension of 100mts x 64mts. The field is marked with distinctive lines (not more than 5 inches in width), the longer boundary lines being called the touch lines and shorter lines the goal lines. A halfway line is marked out across the field of play. The center of the field is indicated by a suitable mark and a circle with a 9.15m radius marked round it.

The Goal

Goal is a pair of posts linked by a cross bar, forming a space into which the ball has to be sent to score. The goals must be equidistant from the corner flags. The width and depth of the goal posts and cross bars should not exceed 12cms. The goal posts and the cross bars will have the same width. Nets are attached to the posts, cross bars and ground behind the goals. Goal posts and cross bars must be made of wood or metal. The goal posts should be painted white.

Goal Line

TThere is a line between the posts of a goal called goal line which is extended from the end boundary of the field of play. The goal line is marked with same width as the depth of the goal posts and the cross bar so that the goal line and the goal posts will conform to the same interior and exterior edges.

The Goal Area

At each end of the field of play two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, 6 yards from each goal post. These is extend into the field of play for a distance of 6yds and is joined by a line drawn parallel with the goal line. Each of the spaces enclosed by these lines and the goal line are called a goal area.

The Penalty Area

The ground in front of the goal is called Penalty area. It is marked with the two lines at each end of the field of play at right angles to the goal lines, 18yds from each goal posts. These are extend into the field of play for a distance of 18yds and are joined by a line drawn parallel with the goal line. Each of the spaces enclosed by these lines and the goal line is called a penalty area. A suitable mark is made within each penalty area, 12yds from the mid point of the goal line, measured along an un-drawn line at right angles. These are the penalty kick marks. From each penalty kick mark an arc of a circle having a radius of 10yds, is drawn outside the penalty area.

The Corner Area

From each corner of the field a quarter circle, having a radius of 1yd is drawn inside the field of play. A flag is posted at each corner.

Players equipment

The Ball 

Football Ground
The Ball

The ball is spherical. The outer casing is of leather or other approved materials. The circumference of the ball should not be more than 27-28 inches. The weight of the ball at the start of the game must be within 14-16oz. The ball should not be changed during the game unless authorised by the referee.

Other equipments

The basic equipments of a player consist of a jersey or shirt, shorts, stockings, shin guards and footwear. Shin guards which is covered entirely by the stockings, is made of a suitable material like rubber or plastic. The players shall not wear anything which is dangerous to another player.

The goal keeper has to wear colours which distinguish him from the other players and from the referee.