Handball is one of the world's fastest games. It is played between two teams in which a ball is hit with the hand in a walled court. A team moves the ball by dribbling, passing or bouncing it as they run. Players may stop, catch, throw, bounce or strike the ball with any part of the body above the knees. Each team tries to score goals by directing the ball past the opposition's goalkeeper into the net.
The playing area is a rectangular court divided into two halves by a center line parallel to the goal lines and two goal areas.
Each goal area is made by marking a line 3m long at a distance of 6m from the goal and parallel to the goal line and the ends of this line are connected with the goal line by means of quarter circles with a radius of 6m measured from the back inside corner of the goal posts. This line is called goal area line.
Each goal post is placed on the center of each goal line. A goal consists of two meter upright posts equidistant from the corners of the playing area placed 3metres apart and 2metres high firmly fixed to the ground and firmly joined by a horizontal cross bar. The goal will be provided with a net, attached in such a way that a ball thrown into it, cannot rebound immediately.
A broken line is marked 3cm long at a distance of 9m from the goal and parallel to the goal line and the ends of this line is connected with the goal lines by means of quarter circles with a radius of 9m measured from the back inside corner of the goal posts. This line is called the free throw line.
The ball used for playing must be spherical and consist of a rubber bladder and an outer casing of one coloured leather or of a synthetic material. The outer casing must not be shiny or slippery. The weight of the ball is between 425g and 475g and the circumference is between 58 and 60cm.