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Electrocardiogram or ECG

Electrocardiogram (ECG) is an instrument recording the electric currents generated by a heart beat. By measuring this we can find out if the heart is functioning normally. According to experts, the chances for women developing heart diseases are more than men. Women are more than 11/2 times as likely to die with in a year of their first heart attack than men.

The symptoms felt by men and women during an attack are different. Women may experience little or no chest pain. During a heart attack, women often experience shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing and may even have pain or weakness in their shoulders, arms or all  over their bodies. There may even be vomiting. The symptoms are more likely to occur when they are resting or during mental stress of physical exercise. Women are also likely to experience fatigue.

When these symptoms occur and doesn't go away but worsen with the passage of time, it is sure that it is a heart attack. But if these symptoms come and go, it can be Angina- a temporary lack of Oxygen to the heart, which is a warning sign of a future heart attack.

A healthy diet, plenty of exercise, reducing stress and losing excess weight  help to prevent heart disease.

One of the age old test used to detect heart disease is the treadmill stress test, in which an electrocardiogram (ECG) is performed continuously during exercise. This test works fine for men, but in the case of women it does not give accurate results. New tests have been developed, for obtaining gender equivalent results. The two most accurate new tests involve imaging. The first one of these imaging techniques involves having a patient walk on a treadmill, then injecting a radioactive isotope into the blood stream which allows special scanners to track the blood flow through the heart. Another option is the stress echocardiogram test. It's accurate, sensitive and there is no injection and doesn't take as long as a technetium test. But these tests are not usually necessary for pre menopausal women who have no risk factors for heart disease. 

Age for testing
Every one aged 30 and older should have a baseline ECG Test. These tests are recommended for those who are more prone for a heart disease risk, like people having a sudden new pain, and those who are smokers and have a family history of diabetes or have diabetes.

Questions of
 Questions & Answers
 1.  Posted on : 9.1.2014  By  :  Soumyya Das , Kolkata View Answer (1) Post Answer

Cholecystectomy was done 2 years ago but looking bulky and over weight approx 87 kg triglycerides also increased what should I do?


Please refer to the following chart for ideal height and weight Calorie Needs , Weight Chart , Calorie content in food, Calore to lose weight

  Posted By :Admin , | On 26.5.2014
 2.  Posted on : 27.6.2013  By  :  akshay arora , Bareilly (u.p.) View Answer (1) Post Answer

My age is just 22 yrs. And i am having pain in my knee joints doctors said i am sufferin from arthiris/ortheoritis what can i do is their any treatment or not because they have told me that their is no treatment


Arthritis can be caused by many reasons which includes weight problems. Please consult a bbone specialist for further advise. You can too young to have chronic arthritis all your life. Good luck

  Posted By :Admin , | On 26.5.2014
 3.  Posted on : 11.9.2012  By  :  Saswajeet Routray , Kolkata View Answer (1) Post Answer

I am 32 years old and my wife is 30 now. Myself and my wife, both are suffering from joint pain from 5-6 months. A cracking sound also coming from the knees. Please let me know what to do.


Joint pain can be caused by many reasons.Over weight Oesteo porosis or born loss, arthritis, some febril illnesses are some of the causes. You are very young to ignore your joint pains. You should see an internist. He can examine you, order some blood test and give you a diagnosis. Good luck

  Posted By :Admin , Kochi | On 4.6.2013
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