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Bone-density test (DEXA)

It is a test to detect Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition in which the amount of Bone mass decreases to the point where the bones are fragile and easily fractured. Women are more prone to this situation than men. During the age of 20 to 30 we build more bone than we lose, reaching peak density between 25 and 30. Since bone mass begins declining after 30, it is essential to build as much strength as possible at this age. It is advisable to take 1000 milligrams of calcium and 200 international units (IU) of Vitamin D everyday and do weight bearing exercise regularly. 

Osteoporosis can affect women who have premature menopause (before 45), long term steroid treatment, hormonal irregularities, those who have a family history, those who smoke or drink and under-weight  etc.  

Procedure

Osteoporosis can be detected of the spine and hip with DEXA measurement, which is a painless, quick x-ray method.  

Weight -bearing exercise, a diet rich in calcium, Vitamin D and other minerals (Sources & requirements) and not smoking (Quit smoking) can help prevent bone loss. Hormone replacement therapy is the most effective preventive treatment but is not suitable for all women. 

Age for testing

Base line screening is advised at the age of 40, followed by a screening about one year after the start of menopause.  Age 51 to 55 or five years after menopause is the prime time for preventive measures. During this period we lose up to 15% of our bone mass. 





Questions of
 Questions & Answers
 1.  Posted on : 9.1.2014  By  :  Soumyya Das , Kolkata View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

Cholecystectomy was done 2 years ago but looking bulky and over weight approx 87 kg triglycerides also increased what should I do?

 
A1: 

Please refer to the following chart for ideal height and weight Calorie Needs https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/calorie.htm , Weight Chart https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/weight.htm , Calorie content in food https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/amount.htm, Calore to lose weight https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/gain.htm

  Posted By :Admin , | On 26.5.2014
 2.  Posted on : 27.6.2013  By  :  akshay arora , Bareilly (u.p.) View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

My age is just 22 yrs. And i am having pain in my knee joints doctors said i am sufferin from arthiris/ortheoritis what can i do is their any treatment or not because they have told me that their is no treatment

 
A1: 

Arthritis can be caused by many reasons which includes weight problems. Please consult a bbone specialist for further advise. You can too young to have chronic arthritis all your life. Good luck

  Posted By :Admin , | On 26.5.2014
 3.  Posted on : 11.9.2012  By  :  Saswajeet Routray , Kolkata View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

I am 32 years old and my wife is 30 now. Myself and my wife, both are suffering from joint pain from 5-6 months. A cracking sound also coming from the knees. Please let me know what to do.

 
A1: 

Joint pain can be caused by many reasons.Over weight Oesteo porosis or born loss, arthritis, some febril illnesses are some of the causes. You are very young to ignore your joint pains. You should see an internist. He can examine you, order some blood test and give you a diagnosis. Good luck

  Posted By :Admin , Kochi | On 4.6.2013
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