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Diet Plans for Diabetes, Hypertension & Cardiovascular disease

Food plays and important role in the treatment of specific diseases like diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases etc. The diet should be balanced and within the permissible calorie limits. Food Should be distributed into small frequent feeds. The days requirement should be well distributed between the different meals. Skipping a meal or fasting is not really advisable. 

As far as possible, the patient should maintain ideal body weight. Considering the height, weight, activity, age and sex of the individual the days calorie requirement can be calculated. Of the total calories 55-65% should come from CHO's 15-20% from protein and the remaining 15-20% from fats. 

General Instructions to be followed

  1. Different cereals contain almost the same amount of CHO and so the quantity of cereal consumed should be noted rather than the type consumed. 

  2. Whole grain cereals are better, preferred for their  fibre content and satiety value.

  3. Rice Gruel if consumed, should be done so by discarding the rice water, and adding hot water. 

  4. When consuming wheat porridge, it is better to have it with pulses than using coconut milk in it. 

  5. Include whole pulses in the diet, soya products help to reduce cholesterol. Sprouted pulses are more nutrious. 

  6. Fish can be included in the diet, in the curry form. Fried fish is the best avoided. Shell fishes like prawns, lobsters etc should be avoided. 

  7. Poultry (Without Skin) can be used occasionally. Beef, Pork, mutton, liver etc should be avoided by cardiac patients. Trim off Excess fat (if any) before cooking. 

  8. Egg yolk has to be avoided by individuals with hyperlipidemia. 

  9. Milk and its products need not to be used more than 400 ml/ day. Use skimmed milk whenever possible, otherwise cream has to be removed before consumption. 

  10. Root Vegetable like Tapioca, yam, potato, colocasia etc are better avoided and if used, should be in moderation instead of cereals.

  11. Include more vegetables (esp. raw salads and green leafy vegetables) in your diet, as it is rich in fibre which in turn helps to reduce blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Raw salads with sprouted pulses enhances the nutrient composition. 

  12. Fruits are restricted for diabetics and preferably should be consumed as such than having it in the form of juice. Select low calorie fruits from exchange list. 

  13. Cardiac and hypertensive patients can take 3-4 servings of fruits. Whenever possible consume fruits with edible skins eg. apple. guava etc. 

  14. Use of coconut and its products must be minimized. 

  15. Cardiac patients need not restrict the intake of tender coconut water, whereas diabetes can only use it occasionally. 

  16. It is better to avoid nuts like badam, peanuts, cashew nuts etc. But Occasionally can be used in restricted amounts instead of some other food items so that the calories remain unchanged. 

  17. Sugar and sweet should be avoided by diabetic patients. Low calorie sweeteners can be used in moderation as substitutes for sugar, honey, sweets etc. Cardiac and hypertensive patients should minimize their intake of sugar and sweets. 

  18. Garlic, curry leaves, fenugreek seeds cluster beans, oatbran etc have blood sugar and cholesterol loosing efforts. Ginger, foods in rich with Vit- E and B Carotene reduces the risk of cardiac diseases. 

  19. Alcohol intake injurious to health, 1 ml of Alcohol contains 7 calories. Alcohol can cause hypoglyemia and can increase triglycerides which can be harmful for the heart. 

  20. Cooking oil used should be minimized and may be restricted to 10-15 ml/day. (2-3 tsp). Use cooking methods that require little or no fat. Hidden fat in bakery products and snacks should also be taken into account. 

  21. Preferably use a combination of cooking oils like sesame. ground nut, sunflower, rice bran, corn oil etc. use of coconut and palm oil should be maintained at minimum levels. 

  22. Dinner should be enjoyed two hours before retiring. At bed time either diluted milk of fruit can be consumed. 

  23. Include foods from all the different food groups and thus consume a balanced diet. 

  24. Regular exercise is most useful but physical strain after a meal should be avoided. 

Free foods (can be included liberally)

Thin buttermilk, unsweetened lime juice, jeera water, fenugreek water, raw vegetable salads made of low calorie vegetables, plain clear soups etc. 

Foods to be used in moderation.

Cereals, pulses, dhals, egg white, fish, chicken (skinned) milk and milk products, fruits, coconut, oil etc. 

Foods to be avoided by diabetics. 

  1. Sugar, Honey, Jaggery, Glucose and sweets of all varieties like cake, pastries, jams, jelly, sweetened drinks etc. 

  2. Roots and Tubers like potato, tapioca, yam etc

  3. Butter, Ghee, dalda and fried preparations. 

  4. Horlicks, bournvita, boost etc

  5. Fruits like jackfruit, banana, mango, sapota etc. 

  6. Dry fruits and Nuts

  7. Barley water, rice water etc. 

Cholesterol rich foods (To be avoided by cardiac patients)

  1. Whole milk and milk products

  2. Egg Yolk

  3. Shellfishes like prawn, crab, lobster etc. 

  4. Organ meats like kidney, liver, brain etc. 

  5. Chicken, duck with skin. 

  6. Sweet like pastries, ice creams etc. 

  7. Butter, ghee, dalda, coconut oil, palmoil

  8. Fried foods like vada, chips, pappads , samosa etc. 

  9. alcoholic drinks, creams soups etc. 

Fiber Rich Foods

  • Whole wheat, Parboiled, sago, oats etc. 

  • Pulses

  • Fenugreek and sesame foods

  • Vegetables and fruits (with skin)

  • Fresh coconut etc. 

Sodium rich foods (To be avoided by Hypertensive Patients)

  • Salt (Avoid extra salt in food and table)

  • Baking powder, baking soda, ajinomoto etc

  • Bakery Products like biscuits, cakes, pastries, chocolates, bread, bun etc. 

  • Salted chips, nuts, popcorn etc

  • Pappads, pickles, dried fish etc

  • Canned and Salt preserved foods

  • Sauces, soup cubes

  • Sausages, lobsters, meat and yeast extracts

  • Carbonated beverages

  • Readymade foods like cornflakes, noodles, fast foods etc.

  • Proprietary drinks eg. Horlicks, complan, bournvita etc.

Viewer's Comment
 Naveen Saxena , Chandausi     11/6/2015
Really great information for diabetics, cardiacs and hypertension
 Pranav, Hyderabad    13/3/2015
Valuable information.. Good diet tips for diabetic patients, My debates level got improved better now after consulting evaidya doctor. This diet tips will add more value in my health care, thank you for sharing.
 Nitin, Coimbatore    20/1/2015
Its was clear & good explanation
 Adedoyin Olugbemi, Nigeria    14/1/2015
Thanks for this live-saving information. It has really helped me to know how to stay healthy.
 Lithiyal packiam sivakumar, New Delhi    8/10/2014
Really this is very useful for me, particularly the diet habits. Thank you so much.
 Naveen, Markapur    30/7/2014
Great information..
 Grace Murenzvi, Zimbabwe    18/1/2014
Thanks for the information because diet is very important. i have learnt new thngs.
 Bipul Bhattacharyya, Guwahati, Assam    6/11/2013
Thank you for your valuable information
 Laurice Angelie POrcadilla, Cebu CIty, Philippines    28/8/2013
Thank you for the health information. I'd always appreciate this :)
 Shweta Singh, Ghaziabad    2/8/2013
Realy a valuable and appreciable inofrmation,thanks...
 VidhyaShiva, Tamil Nadu    5/3/2013
I was searching for such a fruitful Information, Thank You Very much for the useful info provided.
 Chanchal Singh Chauhan, Bareilly (up)    6/2/2013
Really fruitfull information .
 Saqlain , Chakradharpur    17/12/2012
Thank u very much for your suggestion
 Navneet Ranjan, India    16/10/2012
I read the whole matter & come to be very helpful as I m also a patient of all above. THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
 Jeneil, Jamaica    9/10/2012
I must say that this website shares some very informative tips about different patients with different chronic diseases.. It was very helpful to me.. thanks alot...
 Alexander, Anachal    6/10/2012
 Patel Roshni, Nadiad    9/7/2012
Very nice nd i read your artical after then my concept clear. Thank u so much......

Questions of
 Questions & Answers
 1.  Posted on : 28.10.2015  By  :  vivek , Navi Mumbai View Answer (1) Post Answer

I m 21 years olg i m gymaholic my wet is 69 kg, per day how much protein i need for lean muscle gain?


Hi , Per day 8 grams of Protein you need to eat . Here we are offering some protein products for weight gain and muscle buildup . for more details

  Posted By :Lactonovasport , #81-3, IDA Mallapur,Hyderabad, Telangana-500076. | On 31.7.2020
 2.  Posted on : 3.2.2015  By  :  Ramji , Hyderabad View Answer (1) Post Answer

I am 77trs had cabag 15 years ago my blood sugar 90/118 take anti diabetics regularly do 2 km of cycling on cardi cycle my hbagvaries from 6.5to7 my wt is 67kgs please prescribe Diet sheet for me.


My weight is 70kg and my height is 5 ft so which food i will use to reduced weight,Kindly assist me I will very much appreciate. Thanks. Khyati

  Posted By :khyati dave , Nairobi | On 23.6.2017
 3.  Posted on : 6.5.2014  By  :  Shashi Borah , Assam View Answer (1) Post Answer

I am a 26 years old and 5'6" feet indian man my weight is 76 kg. I want to loss my weight. Please give me suggestions.


According to the weight chart, you are over weight by 10kg. In order to reduce weight you have to either increase your activity by excercise or decrease your food intake. please refer following links Calorie Needs , Weight Chart , Calorie Calculation, Calore to gain/lose weight

  Posted By :Admin , | On 26.5.2014
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