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Nearly three thousand years ago, an enterprising Greek warship builders used the beeswax to protect caulk hulls. By adding pigments and resin for decoration, glossiness and hardness , they prepared the coating medium strong and luminosity .
After many years the artists from Egypt use for paintings portraits of mummies of their patrons. In modern times some artists starts using Encaustic paints as a painting medium instead of oil paints or acrylic paints.
I feel the coming generation will use more encaustic paint .
Encaustic Paintings, ( "Enkostikos" a Greek word) which means "to heat" or "to burn," is the name for a painting medium of pigmented hot wax. An encaustic art surface is very durable because wax, the basic ingredient, is impervious to moisture and most environmental changes. The hot wax liquid / paste is then applied to a surface-wood ,canvas and other materials are often used.
Metal tools and other special Hog hair brushes can be used to paint before it cools, or heated metal tools also can be used before wax cooled on the surface.
Tools: Basic -- In Encaustic Painting, beeswax, resin and pigments are used to produce a bright, and translucent surface. You can collage using other material with wax and applying heat to fuse each layer to fix
* Rigid support like hard board or wooden drawing board..
* Hot Palette - Hot plate, a pancake griddle etc
* Encaustic Paint - You can mix your own or purchase from market.
* Metal Tins - For each wax paints.
* Electric tools have made using encaustics a lot easier.
* Scraping tools and many more
Beeswax : Basic element-100% natural ( yellow ) or white filtered ( clear ).
Damar Resin : is a natural tree resin from the pine Asian tree. Use crystal form. ( Not to use ready made liquid resin)
Beeswax + Damar Resin = Stoke Encaustic Medium
8% + 2% = it becomes the encaustic medium
Wax + Encaustic medium + Pigment = Encaustic paint
Applying Wax :
Hog hair brushes are preferred by many artists, but cheap brushes from hardware stores will work fine. Do not use plastic brushes. You can add various textures, use stencils and add collage materials. After finishing the painting you need not use glass etc.
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