Gujarat is situated between 20o1' and 24o7' north
latitudes and 68o4' and 74o4'east longitudes on
the west coast of India. It is bounded on the west by the Arabian
sea, on the north-west by Pakistan, on the north by Rajasthan, on the
east by Madhya Pradesh and on the south and south-east by Maharashtra.
The state of Gujarat occupies the northern extremity
of the western sea-board of India. It has the longest coast line 1290km
among Indian states. The state comprises three geographical regions.
The peninsula, traditionally known as Saurashtra.
It is essentially a hilly tract sprinkled with low mountains.
Kutch on the north-east is barren and rocky and contains
the famous Rann (desert) of Kutch, the big Rann in the north and the
little Rann in the east.
The mainland extending from the Rann of Kutch and
the Aravalli Hills to the river Damanganga is on the whole a level
plain of alluvial soil.