The climate of Gujarat is moist in the southern districts and dry in the
northern region. The Arabian sea and the Gulf of Cambay reduce the temperature
and render the climate more pleasant and healthy. The year can be divided
into: the winter season from November to February, the hot season from
March to May, the south-west monsoon season from June to September and
the intervening month of October.
The average rainfall in Gujarat varies from 33 to152cms.
The southern region of the state has an average rainfall ranging from
76 to 152cms, Dangs district having the highest average of about 190cms.
The northern districts have a rainfall varying from 51 to 102cms. The
rainfall in the southern highlands of Saurashtra and the Gulf of Cambay
is approximately 63cms while the other parts of Saurashtra have a rainfall
less than 63cms.
The semi-desert area of Kutch has a very low average
rainfall. Certain areas in Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Banaskantha, Panchmahals,
Surendranagar, Jamnagar and Kutch districts face chronic scarcity conditions
for want of adequate rains.
As the Tropic of Cancer passes through the northern border
of Gujarat, the state has an intensely hot or cold climate. But the Arabian
sea and the Gulf of Cambay in the west and the forest covered hills in
the east soften the rigors of climatic extremes.