Gujarat's mountains are rich in scenic beauty and have been closely associated
with religious and historical currents of Gujarat's life. The northern
and the eastern borders are made up of mountains which are themselves
either the tails or offshoots of outside ranges like the Aravallis, the
Vindhyas, the Satpuras and the Sahyadris. Saurashtra contains two parallel
ranges, one stretching from east to west and the other from north-east
to south-west. The tracts of saline land of Kutch have three mountain
The Aravalli which is the most ancient mountain range
in Gujarat lies largely in Rajasthan and enters Gujarat at Abu and zigzagging
up to the Pavagadh merges into the Vindhyas. The Taranga lies on the line
from Mehsana to Visnagar. The Arasur branch of the Aravalli goes in the
direction of Danta, Khedbrahma, Idar and Shamlaji and joins the Vindhyas.
The Satpura tail lies between the Narmada and the Tapi with Rajpipla hills.
The ranges of the Sahyadri lie across the Tapi with the highest rainfall
and the densest forest in the state. The Saler Muler and the Parner form
part of the Sahyadri range.
The rocky region of Saurashtra has only two regular mountain
ranges, the northern one having about a 357metre peak in the Panchal region.
The Bardo with the 625metre Venu peak is about 29km from Porbandar.
The Girnar which is the highest mountain in the state
(1,145metres) forms a part of the range south of the Bardo and is about
160km in length. The highest peak is named after Guru Dattatreya. Garakhnath,
Amba Mata, Kalika Mata etc are the names of the other peaks of Girnar.
The small hill beside the Girnar, called the Jamial Shah Pir is a Muslim
The Shetrunjaya hill near Palitana is one of the five
sacred hills of Jains. The hills of Talaja, Lor and Sana are known for
their Buddhist caves.
Kutch is a saline tract with three mountain ranges. The
hills of Kutch are devoid of plant life. Among the three main ranges in
Kutch, the northern one goes by Pachham, Khadir and Pranjal. The Kala
Parvat forming a part of the ranges lies between Kutch and Sind. The southern
range begins at Madh and goes up to Roha.