A full-fledged Harappan settlement was discovered at Lothal and similar
Harappan centres at Rangpur, Rozdi and other places in Saurashtra and
Kutch. Lothal is the name given to a mound near Saragwala, a village in
Ahmedabad district. The name is derived from the Gujarati word "Loth"
which means "the dead body". Lothal and other finds are now
the oldest sites in India which have their links with pre-history.
The excavations at the site have brought
to light a well-planned city with rows of houses. All the discoveries
prove that the city must have been a commercial centre and a part carrying
on commerce with the hinterland as well as foreign countries. Harappans
might have come of this part of India and proceeded farther inland. While
the Harappan civilization came to an end in Punjab, it continued for about
500 years more in Gujarat.