In Mizoram traditional industries weavers and blacksmiths played an important
role - first was a home industry for respective home consumption only and the
second was for making weapons and implements for war, hunt, agriculture and
domestic use. None of the industries came up for marketable produce.
Mizoram has plenty of raw materials for industry mostly from forest,
agriculture and horticulture.
A craft centre was started in Aizawl which produces floor rugs, bags, aprons,
cane works etc. In fact these types of local produce including Mizo hats,
side bags and Mizo shawls have become very popular all over India.
On 1989, the
state Government formulated an industrial policy for the state. Under the
policy priority was given to agro and forest based industries followed by
handloom, electronic and consumer industries.
Some ginger and fruit processing plants have come
up in the state, Zoram industrial development corporation (ZIDCO) has been set
up by the state government in collaboration with the Industrial Development Bank
of India (IDBI). It is setting up industrial units of its own and is also
assisting various enterprises.
A State Government undertaking - Mizoram Food and Allied Industries Corporation
has been set up to develop, industries based on agro-horticultural
products. Apart from the ginger, maize and fruit juice plants, there is
potential for setting up different industrial projects based on locally produced
fruits, tea, coffee, chillies, oilseeds, sugar cane, meat, milk, etc.
Another Government unit, Zoram Electronics Development Corporation, has been set
up to promote the electronics industry. The climate condition, pollution
free atmosphere and delicate skill of the Mizo women are conducive for
successful electronic units like manufacture and assembly of television, radios,
amplifiers, calculators, etc.
Tribal clothes of the north-eastern states with attractive local motifs and
designs are becoming very popular all over the country. Similar demand
exists for the typical tribal handicrafts. The State Government has set up the Mizoram Handloom and
Handicraft Development corporation for this purpose.
To promote various types of village industries Mizoram Khadi and village
Industries Board was set up in 1986. The different training cum production
centres set up by the Board in the state cover silk spinning and weaving, cotton
spinning and weaving, soap making, oil extraction, carpentry, cane and bamboo