Water supply has always been a special problem in
Mizoram. The villages in
Mizoram are generally situated on hill tops. In Mizoram, the hill tops
have a healthy and bracing climate and hence were chosen as habitation
sites. Water for drinking and other domestic purposes had to be collected
daily from steams and other water sources.
The only centralised collection and distribution of water was done in
Aizawal town where on the hill top, called civil surgeon's tilla, so named
because of the location the civil surgeon's bungalow there, a huge reservoir was
made for collection of rain water. From this collection water would be
distributed primarily to the Government employees.
Water supply to towns and villages was given priority in the development
plans. Water would be impounded at the stream or other available perennial
sources and would be collected in a cemented reservoir. Supply to some
central point in the village would be made through polythene pipelines. In
1960s for Aizawl a scheme for getting water from the Tlang by pumping at several
stages was drawn up. The first phase of the scheme for meeting the needs
of 80,000 people has been completed.
During the seventh plan 552 villages were given water supply. During the
Eighth plan in addition to supply to the uncovered villages, the existing
capacities were augmented.