Medical Facilities | Social Welfare
The British administration gave special emphasis to medical care for the
people. In 1889 the district had one station hospital, four civil
dispensaries and four military police outpost hospitals
The Christian missionaries also started medical care along with spread of
education in the district. They started two excellent hospitals - one at Serkawn near Lunglei and other at Durtlang near
Aizawl. They also started
nurses training centres attached to these hospitals.
The common diseases in Mizoram are malaria, respiratory disorders, round worm
and stomach trouble.
The strategy in the Eight plan for medical coverage includes improvement of
health care facilities in rural areas by establishing new community health
centres, primary health centres and sub-centres, establishment of a
referral state hospital, establishment of nurse's school and pharmacists,
training centres, improvement of infrastructure to combat, control and eradicate
epidemics and communicable diseases. Drug abuse is increasing in Mizoram
alarmingly. Hence de - addiction centres are being opened. Mental
disorder cases like lunacy and suicide incidents in the state have always been
high. Psychiatric attention needs adequate
priority in the medical field of the state.
The Mizos have a deep sense of belonging to their society and a very close
fellow-feeling. This was traditionally nurtured and sustained by the institution
Zawlbuk and the spirit of service in Tlawngmaihna. After the spread of Christianity
in Mizoram both these tradition gradually withered away. But
the Mizos kept up their cohesiveness in the new institution which they
developed. The young Mizo Association (YMA) came up in 1939 and is now an
organisation of the youth mainly engaged in social welfare activities having
more than 300 centres in Aizawl and Lunglei districts. The Lakhers have
their association called Mara Thietlypy.