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Costumes

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India has a rich and varied textile heritage, where each region has its own unique native costume and traditional attire. Indian clothing is popular for its colorfulness and grace.  The uniqueness of Indian culture lies in its geographical diversities, natural wealth, vast population and people's attitude, among other things. Though the majority of Indian women and men wear traditional costumes, the urban population residing in cities can be found in more conventional western clothing. 

Traditional costumes in India vary widely depending on the climate and natural fibres grown in a region. Usually the clothes are suitable for the particular regions climate and overall comfort. In the cold northern state of Jammu and Kashmir, people wear a thick loose shirt called a phiran to keep them warm. In the tropical warmth of south India, men wear a sarong like garment called the mundu, while women drape 5 meters of cloth around their bodies in the graceful folds of the saree, the national dress of Indian women. Sarees are also worn in different methods with respect to the age, occupation, region and religion of a woman. 

In the dry regions of Rajasthan and Gujarat men wrap and twist a length of cloth in the form of a dhoti around their lower limbs and a shirt-like kurta above. Colourful turbans are also a significant feature of  Rajasthani Men. Women in Rajasthan wear a form of pleated skirt known as the ghagra or lehanga. The heads are covered by a length of fine cotton known as orhni or dupatta.

In the northeastern regions the tribal communities such as Khasis, Nagas, Mizos, Manipuris and Arunachalis wear colorful woven sarong-like clothing and woven shawls that represent the identity of each tribal group. 

In urban India, the salwar kameez and the churidar kameez, are commonly worn by women and the saree is worn on formal occasions. Men wear kurtas and pajamas, or a sherwani for formal wear.

 
 
     
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