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Rivers 

Land | Mountains | Geographical Divisions | States

Rivers in India may be classified as Himalayan, Peninsular or Deccan, Coastal, and rivers of the inland drainage basin.

The Himalayan Rivers
Ganga- the largest river basin in India

The major rivers in the Himalayan group are the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra. These rivers are generally snow fed and have reasonable flow throughout the year. During the monsoon months (June to September), the Himalayas receive very heavy rainfall and the rivers carry the maximum amount of water, causing frequent floods. Himalayan rivers discharge about 70% of their inflow into the sea. This includes about 5% from central Indian rivers. They join the Ganga and drain into the Bay of Bengal.

The Deccan Rivers
Deccan RiversThe Peninsular rivers are generally rain-fed and, therefore, fluctuate greatly in volume. A very large number of them are non-perennial. Peninsular rivers contribute 30 percent of the total outflow in India. The major Deccan rivers are the Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Pennar, Mahanadi, Damodar, Sharavati, Netravati, Bharathapuzha, Periyar, Pamba, Narmada and Tapti. 

The Coastal Rivers
The coastal rivers, especially on the west coast, are short and have limited catchment areas. Most of these are non-perennial as well. 

The Rivers of the Inland Drainage Basin
The rivers on the inland drainage basin consists of those in Western Rajasthan which are very few and short lived, like the Sambhar which is lost in the desert sands, and the Loni that drains into the Rann of Kutch.

The Main Rivers in India

Name

Length (km)

Originates from

Ends in

Passes through

Ganga (Bhagirati)

2,507

Gaumukh 

Bay of Bengal

Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal

Yamuna (Jamuna)

1370

Garhwal in Yamunotri

Bay of Bengal

Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh

Brahmaputra

2,850

Chemayung-Dung glacier, between lake Manasarovar and Mount Kailash

Bay of Bengal

North Eastern states of India

Kaveri (Dakshina Ganga" or Ganges of the south)

765

Hills of Coorg, Karnataka

Bay of Bengal

Karnataka and Tamil Nadu

Godavari

1,465 

Trimbakeshwar near Nasik Hills in Maharashtra

Bay of Bengal

South-easterly direction, through Maharastra and Andhra Pradesh

Krishna

900

Near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra

Bay of Bengal

Maharastra, Karnataka  and Andhra Pradesh

Narmada

1,300

Amarkantak hill in Madhya Pradesh

Arabian Sea

Maharastra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat

Tapti

724

Pachmari, Madhya Pradesh

Arabian Sea

Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat

Gomti 

805

Himalaya Range of Nepal

Bay of Bengal

Uttar Pradesh

Ghaghara

 

Shivalik mountain range of Himachal Pradesh

Disappears into the Thar Desert

Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan

Mahanadi

860

Satpura Range

Bay of Bengal

Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa and Maharashtra

 
 
     
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