Land | Mountains | Rivers | States
The Indian sub continent has several distinct physical
divisions. They can be classified under the following
The northern mountains( The Himalayan
Mountains): Has some of the tallest peaks in the world which are mostly covered with snow throughout the year. Many
big rivers originate from the Himalayas.
The fertile plains of the Ganga (The Indo- Gangetic
Plain): The plains lie to the south of the Himalayas between the Indus and the Ganga river. This region
extending from Punjab to Assam is a densely populated area and produces the
major part of the country's food grains and is referred to as the 'Food Bowl
The desert region (The Thar
Desert): The north
western part of India is made up of the Thar desert and occupies most of Western
The plateaus (The
Malwa, the Chotanagpur
and the Deccan Plateau) : The plateaus are separated from the Northern plains
by mountains and hill ranges including the Vindhyas, Aravalli, Satpura,
Maikala and Ajanta. The Deccan plateau with its rolling hills and
numerous rivers, occupies most part of central and southern India.
The coastal plains (The Eastern and the Western Coastal
Plains): They are narrow strips of plain land that lie on either side
along the coast of the peninsula, beyond the ghats. The Eastern Coastal
plains includes the Coromandel Coast in the south and the Western Coastal
plains includes the Konkan, Kankara, and the Malabar coasts.
The Two Ghats (Eastern and
the Western Ghats): The Ghats are mountain ranges on the east and west
coasts of the subcontinent. To the east and west of the Deccan plateau
lie the Eastern Ghat and the Western Ghat, respectively.
The Islands ( The Andaman and Nicobar, the Lakshadweep
Islands): Lakshadweep lies in
the Arabian Sea on the west of the Indian Peninsula and Andaman
and Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal on the east.
Indo gangetic plains, the desert region and the Himalayas together form the North India and the
south peninsula with the coastal plains, the two ghats and the Deccan Plateau
form the South India.