|TYPES OF DIABETES SYMPTOMS COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES RECIPE BLOOD SUGAR TEST EXERCISE HOME BLOOD GLUCOSE MONITORING CARE AND DIET EFFECTS GLYCOSYLATED HEMOGLOBIN(HbA1c)|
Diabetes are of two types. First one appears in childhood, while the Second type normally affects people after the age of 30 and is slightly more common in women than men.
Causes of type I diabetes : It is usually caused by an abnormal bodily reaction, in which the immune system destroys insulin-secreting cells in the pancreas. The child of a person who has type I diabetes is at greater risk of developing the same type of diabetes.
Treatment : Diabetes cannot be cured but can be controlled either by diet alone, or a combination of diet or oral medication or by administering insulin injections. Treatment for diabetes is designed to control glucose level in the blood with in the normal range.
This usually requires life-long insulin therapy along with the control in diet. This replaces the insulin absent in the body due to non production of insulin by the pancreas. This insulin therapy maintains constant low background levels of insulin with peaks at mealtimes when glucose enters the blood. Insulin injections are available in various forms including short-acting, long-acting and combination of both forms. Short-acting insulin are take 15-30 minutes before mealtimes while longer-acting insulin are taken once or twice a day.
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