Diabetes - Type 3 (Gestational Diabetes)
This diabetes usually develop in
the pregnancy period and more common in women over age 30, who are overweight
and those who have a family history of diabetes. Gestational diabetes is caused
by the inability of the tissues to absorb glucose from the bloodstream during
pregnancy due to a lack of the hormone insulin.
controlled by a special diet and in almost all cases, it will disappear soon
after the birth of the child however women who have had it are at increased risk
of developing type II diabetes in later life. If it is not controlled, the fetus
may gain excessive amount of weight. Delivery
may be more difficult because of the large size of the baby and forceps may be
needed and the risk of stillbirth is greater. Despite this, most diabetic women
deliver vaginally and successfully. New
born babies are also at risk of having low blood sugar levels at birth.
Symptoms of the Gestational
diabetes are fatigue, increased thirst and appetite and passing large amounts of
urine. A diabetic mother may be more
prone to urinary tract and other infections, thrush, high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia,
hydramnios (excess amniotic fluid) and
Eclampsia (Eclampsia is an acute
life threatening condition of both mother and fetus, characterised by
convulsions, coma, hypertension etc). But
many women with the Gestational diabetes do not develop symptoms.
women who are pregnant need careful monitoring to keep a close check on their
condition and they are normally considered a high risk pregnancy. Good control
of the diabetes by a modified
diet which includes less sugar than normal and greater amounts of fiber and
starchy carbohydrates during the first
Trimester of pregnancy greatly lowers the risk of abnormalities in the baby.
Some women also need
insulin injections. Blood sugar level must be checked at
least once every 2 weeks.
Note : All statements given are only for information purpose. We are not responsible or liable for any problems related to the utilization of information on this site. We suggest that you consult a qualified doctor before trying any alternative health care remedies.