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Nutrients - Fats

CARBOHYDRATES PROTEINS FATS FIBRE VITAMINS MINERALS SOURCES & REQUIREMENTS

Fats are a group of organic compounds that occur naturally in plant and animal cells in the form of lipids, consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. They are an important energy store, having twice the calorific value than carbohydrates. They are broken down into its constituents parts by enzymes called lipases. 

Fats play a vital role in the human body and perform many functions. They are necessary for the absorption and utilization of certain vitamins like A, E, D and K. Fat deposit help to maintain body temperature against outside environmental influences and protects body organs such as the heart and the liver. Fats contain Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) which are essential for maintaining tissues in normal health.

Saturated fats such as cholesterol are found in meat and dairy products, i.e. whole milk, cheese, butter and eggs. Many processed foods have saturated fats added to them and they are widely used in manufacturing. Unsaturated fat are found in vegetable oils like soya bean, mustard, sunflower, ground nut, olive etc and corn, peanuts, seeds, olive, oily fish etc. The fat which should be eaten in excess is the unsaturated variety which is more beneficial. An excess level of saturated fats in the blood tend to raise the level of cholesterol contributing to hardening of the arteries causing strokes and various forms of heart diseases. It is advisable to limit fat intake to no more than 30% of the overall diet. 

 

Nutrients

Requirements

Sources

Children
1200-2100 kcal

Adults
1900-3900 kcal

Fat

15g

15g

Vegetable oils like soya bean, mustard, sunflower, ground nut, olive etc and corn, peanuts, seeds, olive, oily fish etc

 





Questions of
 Questions & Answers
 1.  Posted on : 28.10.2015  By  :  vivek , Navi Mumbai View Answer (0) Post Answer
 

I m 21 years olg i m gymaholic my wet is 69 kg, per day how much protein i need for lean muscle gain?

 
 2.  Posted on : 3.2.2015  By  :  Ramji , Hyderabad View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

I am 77trs had cabag 15 years ago my blood sugar 90/118 take anti diabetics regularly do 2 km of cycling on cardi cycle my hbagvaries from 6.5to7 my wt is 67kgs please prescribe Diet sheet for me.

 
A1: 

My weight is 70kg and my height is 5 ft so which food i will use to reduced weight,Kindly assist me I will very much appreciate. Thanks. Khyati

  Posted By :khyati dave , Nairobi | On 23.6.2017
 3.  Posted on : 6.5.2014  By  :  Shashi Borah , Assam View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

I am a 26 years old and 5'6" feet indian man my weight is 76 kg. I want to loss my weight. Please give me suggestions.

 
A1: 

According to the weight chart, you are over weight by 10kg. In order to reduce weight you have to either increase your activity by excercise or decrease your food intake. please refer following links Calorie Needs https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/calorie.htm , Weight Chart https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/weight.htm , Calorie Calculation https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/calculation.htm, Calore to gain/lose weight https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/gain.htm

  Posted By :Admin , | On 26.5.2014
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