Monday, January 27, 2020
Health
a to z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

   »   »   » Carbohydrates

Nutrients - Carbohydrates

CARBOHYDRATES PROTEINS FATS FIBRE VITAMINS MINERALS SOURCES & REQUIREMENTS

CarbohydratesCarbohydrates are organic compounds which may be simple and complex. It include sugars and starches. All carbohydrates are eventually broken down into glucose which is absorbed and utilized by the body in various ways. Glucose is required by red blood cells and is the main source of energy for the brain. It is also essential for the oxidation of fat and for the synthesis of certain non-essential amino acids. Simple carbohydrates like sugar and sugar enriched food is broken down easily and soon absorbed into the blood stream whereas complex carbohydrates like starches take longer time to be broken down by digestive enzymes hence providing a slower and more gradual supply of glucose. 

Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy which provide about two-thirds of an individuals total energy needs. Sugars are found in glucose (its basic form) and sweets, biscuits, chocolates, pastries, honey, fruits etc. Starches are found in a wide  range of foods including cereals, grains, pulses, bread, beans, potatoes, other vegetables and fruits which are far more useful as they contain accompanying fibre, vitamins and minerals. It is not sensible to eat more starch rich foods as excess sugar rich foods may lead to obesity, high blood sugar, tooth decay and a possible increased risk of developing diabetes in later adult life.

The percentage of calories derived from carbohydrates should be at least 40% in well balanced diets. But this consumption differs country wise depending on the difference in diets.  While in developing nations it is as high as 60-70%, it is 40-50% in Europe and 30-40% in USA.

 

Nutrients

Requirements

Sources

Children
1200-2100 kcal

Adults
1900-3900 kcal

Carbohydrate

40-60g/100g of calories

50-70 g/100g of calories

Glucose (its basic form) and sweets, biscuits, chocolates, pastries, honey, fruits, cereals, grains, pulses, bread, beans, potatoes, other vegetables and fruits.

 





Questions of
 Questions & Answers
 1.  Posted on : 28.10.2015  By  :  vivek , Navi Mumbai View Answer (0) Post Answer
 

I m 21 years olg i m gymaholic my wet is 69 kg, per day how much protein i need for lean muscle gain?

 
 2.  Posted on : 3.2.2015  By  :  Ramji , Hyderabad View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

I am 77trs had cabag 15 years ago my blood sugar 90/118 take anti diabetics regularly do 2 km of cycling on cardi cycle my hbagvaries from 6.5to7 my wt is 67kgs please prescribe Diet sheet for me.

 
A1: 

My weight is 70kg and my height is 5 ft so which food i will use to reduced weight,Kindly assist me I will very much appreciate. Thanks. Khyati

  Posted By :khyati dave , Nairobi | On 23.6.2017
 3.  Posted on : 6.5.2014  By  :  Shashi Borah , Assam View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

I am a 26 years old and 5'6" feet indian man my weight is 76 kg. I want to loss my weight. Please give me suggestions.

 
A1: 

According to the weight chart, you are over weight by 10kg. In order to reduce weight you have to either increase your activity by excercise or decrease your food intake. please refer following links Calorie Needs https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/calorie.htm , Weight Chart https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/weight.htm , Calorie Calculation https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/calculation.htm, Calore to gain/lose weight https://www.webindia123.com/health/diet/calorie/gain.htm

  Posted By :Admin , | On 26.5.2014
» more...

Note : All statements given are only for information purpose. We are not responsible or liable for any problems related to the utilization of information on this site. We suggest that you consult a qualified doctor before trying any alternative health care remedies.