Sunday, June 16, 2024

Manipur Crafts

About Manipur Crafts   |    Picture Gallery

Cane and BambooCane and Bamboo
Bamboo, a forest resource in Manipur is abundantly grown in Churachandpur, Jiribam, Tamenglong and Imphal districts. Manipur is the largest producer bamboo products after Tripura in the entire north east. Some of the bamboo products are sofa sets, Murhas, mats, basketry, tray, chair, table, flower vase, ashtray and other decorative and utility articles. Production of cane articles have been reducing because of scarcity of cane due to Jhum (Shifting) cultivation widely practiced in the hill areas.

Stone GlassesStone-Carving
Stone carving is a traditional craft of Manipur. In Bishnupur district utility items like bowls, candle-stands, grinders, flower-vases, stone glasses,  plates, etc. are made. Manipuris has a custom of constructing  an engraved memorial stone for their deceased describing their achievements and good deeds near the village. So stone carving was popular even from earlier days.

Kauna (Water Reed) CraftsKauna (Water Reed) Crafts
Kauna is a type of reed usually grown in the wetlands and marshes.  Imphal valley of Manipur is the centre for kauna crafts. This is often used for making mats, Chairs, cushion, coasters, bags, moorah etc. This product is in great  demand in Manipur.

ood CarvingWood Carving
Wood Carving is also a craft popular in Manipur. Due to absence of proper transport and communication with other parts of India, craftsmen had to depend on wood as material for making various articles of utility. The main products are wooden tray, spoon and drum, etc. to name a few.

Textile WeavingTextile Weaving
Textile weaving is a house hold industry in Manipur. Coarse cotton cloth and silk is woven on the looms. Cotton thread is imported in large quantities. Cotton yarn is dyed with red, yellow, green, orange, black and pink colours. Artistic designs are arranged horizontally and vertically by producing stripes and geometrical blocks. These blocks are filled up with geometrical designs of smaller components. The rhythm of colour bands is maintained. This craft is also known by the name of Laichamphi which means cotton cloth. However, loin loom weaving caters to the local demands and requirements only.

Dolls and ToysDolls and Toys
In Manipur Dolls and Toys are  made from different materials like cloth, cotton clay, wood and bamboo etc. They have a charm of their own with their traditional outfits. Dolls include characters like Radha Krishna, Khamba and Thoibi, Etc. Toys include caricatures of various animals and birds.

Hand-Embroidery and Block Printing
Hand Embroidery is a popular craft practiced by both men and women folk in Manipur. There are about ten different varieties of embroideries. Namthang-Khut-hut,  Khamenchatpa Kabui, Singh Nangpan (Flag Design) Motrangphee is (Temple Design) are some of the main embroidery designs.   Tablecloth bed-cover, handkerchief, T.V. covers, etc. are the major products. Prominent legendry figures and animal motifs are stitched with perfection. Hand Block printing is another popular craft in Manipur. Printed pillow covers and bed-sheets are common products.