Tuesday, November 29, 2022

Arts and Architecture


Lord Sanamahi  Temples 

The temple is situated in Imphal town in the first Manipur Rifle Ground. It was patronized by king Kulachandra in 1891. The structure is raised on an octagonal base. The southern side has got flying steps. The facade carries a rectangular door. In the octagonal structure each component wall meets the double cornice. The cornice below and above has got a series arranged in a line over the octagonal structure. The roof structure is in pyramidal Gothic Style. The arches incline at 45 degree to form a tapering octagonal structure which is truncated by Amalaka-sila, on the top, in a form of a circular disc. It carries a pinnacle. A porch is also the eastern side connecting the sanctum hall. Internally the sanctum is octagonal.

The temple looks like the Baptistery type, raised as a polygonal structure, with Gothic roof, but ends objectively in a Niagara style by culminating the trunk by Amalaka-sila which further ends with the pinnacle. The structure is made in bricks. There has been a sufficient effort to explore the artistic designs in constructing the structure itself in a peculiar architectural design and by giving a stylizes shape to the double cornice. It is the only temple animistic faith of Manipur which was constructed particularly to enshrine the animistic deity. The temple is also important for its architectural variety. The deity Lord Sanamahi is worshipped in the temple. The rituals are of typical Hindu style. The decoration of deity and puja system is based on Hindu methods. The dress of the priest performing the rituals is indistinguishable from a Hindu priest. The puja performed by the priest daily in morning and evening at appropriate times of Ushakala and Samdhyakala. A weekly puja known as 'Sagalchham' is performed on Tuesday. The annual festival is celebrated at the temple during 'Cheiraoba' which is the annual year festival of Manipur and another annual festival celebrated during September at the temple is called Honjnungha.