Tuesday, March 21, 2023


Folk Dances

Gugga dance

Gugga Pir has several names :-Guru Gugga, Zahir Pir and Bagarwalla. Gugga is worshipped practically all over Haryana and devotees are scattered over the neighbouring states of Rajasthan, Punjab and Himachal.

The Pir was born on Bhadon Naumi at Dadreva village in Bikaner (Rajasthan). The day is celebrated as Gugga Naumi allover northern India. Gugga is said to be a Chauhan Rajput. Colonel Tod is of the view that his name was Bachraj. According to a folk legend he was married to Kumari Sirial, daughter of Raja Sanjha  of Kamrup He is equally worshipped by both Hindus and Muslims. About a week or two Before Gugga Naumi, his devotees take out a procession, led by a bhagat ,carrying Gugga Kichhari. It is a strong and long bamboo stick decorated with fans, garlands, flowers and coloured pieces of cloth .Five  Bhagats are the Main dancers. They carry their own musical instruments in their hands, consisting of Dholak, Manjiras, Deru (a small side drum), Chimta and Cymbals. The bhagats sing a song in praise of Gugga.

The dance is very simple. The dancers feet  move according to the rhythm or their songs. As the tempo increases, they shed tears and beat their chests with iron chains.

These parties are seen coming in Haryana villagers during the month of Bhadon. It is an exclusively male dance and falls in the category of ritualistic dances. It create an atmosphere charged with spiritual fervour among the devotees of Gugga.