Every one in Bihar talks a dialect. Each region has its own brand of
vernacular. The different dialects are spoken by both the common people
and rich educated classes. Hindi is only spoken as a common language by
the people through out the state. Santhali is spoken by the Santhals.
Bengali is used by the Bengalis, engaged in various professional occupations
throughout the state. The Urdu is confined mostly to the towns. Magahi
is the language of the country of Magadha, the districts of Patna, Nalanda
and Gaya. It is also spoken in the district of Hazaribagh, on the west
it extends to a portion of Palamu, and on the east to proportions of the
districts of Munger and Bhagalpur. Of the Munda languages, Kberwari is
the most important, it includes Ho or tribal language of Hos, Mundari,
the language of the Mundas in the north and Singhbhum and Bhumij or the
language of the Bhumij tribe. The Munda languages are spoken by many tribes
in Chotanagpur and Santhal Paragans. Dravidian languages which are akin
to Tamil and Telugu of south India are spoken by the aboriginal tribes
in the same area.