Vanaspati Ghee Industry
The Vanaspati ghee industry is based mainly on
the production of groundnut. This industry is not very big, as the oilseeds
for the country are brought from other states. The Vanaspati ghee units
are situated at Amritsar, Ludhiana, Khanna, Doraha and Rajpura.
Woolen Textile Industry
Woolen textile industries are situated at Amritsar,
Ludhina and Dhariwal.
Punjab leads the whole of the country in the manufacture
of hosiery products. Most of these units are located in Ludhiana. This
industry is a major foreign exchange earner.
Sports Goods Industry
The sports goods industry of Punjab became well known
only after 1947. Jalandhar is the main centre for the production of sports
goods. This industry play a major part in earning foreign exchange.
In the absence of basic minerals, the heavy engineering
industry is almost absent in the state.
a. Bicycles: Punjab now ranks at the top of the
bicycle industry. Main centres are Ludhiana and Rajpura.
b. Sewing Machines: Punjab not only fulfils the
home requirements for sewing machines but also exports the same. Ludhiana
and Bassi Pathana are important centres for the production of sewing machines
and machine parts.
c. Agricultural Implements and Machine Tools:
The important centres for manufacture of agricultural implements are Batala,
Ludhiana, Phillaur, Jalandhar, Phagwara, Goraya and Amristar.
d. Tractors and Combines: The state has a tractor
plant at Mohali and a combine harvester plant at Bhadson.
Feed Industry and Concentrates
To develop livestock and poultry industries, it is of
utmost importance to develop the feed industry on a priority basis. The
possible sources of feed and concentrates are oilseed cakes and the by-products
of milling and the cereals.
This is a by-product of the roller flour mills and there
are about 11 such mills in the state.
The cotton seed is preferred as such by the farmers
for feeding the milk animals. Cotton seed is utilised for oil production
which is a costly product and is in great demand.
About 80 percent of the paddy produced in Punjab is
marketed and processed in different types of rice mills. There are about
2,200 hullers mostly in rural area,148 shellers and 43 hullers-cum-shellers.
The major by-products of rice milling are two percent germ, five percent
bran and 23 percent husk.