Monday, July 13, 2020

The People

▪ Introduction ▪  Meiteis ▪ Kukis ▪ Naga Tribes ▪ Lois ▪ Bishnupuris ▪ Sikhs
▪ Nepalis ▪ Muslims ▪ Biharis ▪ Punjabis ▪ Marwaris ▪ South Indians ▪ Bengalis


There are some non-Sikh Punjabi traders settled at Imphal. Their contribution to Punjabi culture is worth mentioning. Their dishes are very tasty. They retain their habit of speaking Punjabi amongst themselves. They speak in a hilarious and jubilant mood. Their women wear salwar-kurta, sari and are very fond of cosmetics. Inside Punjabi house one finds several items of furniture and comfort. They believe in decent living and eating.


Marwaris are the dominating business community in the north-eastern region. They deal in big business and wholesale trade. Their concentrations are only in the established old towns and business centres like Imphal, Churachandpur and Moreh. They have entered Manipur in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. They migrated from Rajasthan. Their religion is Hinduism, some observe Jainism and some Sanatan Dharm. Some have adopted Vaishnavite sect. They marry within their community. Generally they live as joint family. Their food habits are very simple. They are vegetarian and refrain from meat, egg, chicken and alcoholic drinks. Their dress is unique. They wear white kurta pyjama without turban or with white turban. Their women wear sari and choli. During Hindu festival their women are dressed in costly saris. Their marriage parties are the occasions to display their rich clothes they wear. Their greatest contribution to Manipuri society is business mobilization in this isolated state. They have created a vital business line between Moreh, Imphal and Dimapur. There are Jains among Marwaris and also from Utter Pradesh and other parts of the country.

South Indians

Moreh town of Manipur is the real settlement of Tamils and Keralites. Most of them are refugees from Burma. They have introduced Idli and Dosa, the famous snack dishes of South Indians to the Meiteis and tribals. The men dress in lungi and shirt. Office goers wear pants and shirts. The women wear sari and blouse. They are all Hindus and a few Christians may also be there. Moreh Tamils are all Hindus and have established several temples of Kali, Durga and Shiva in the town. They also celebrate their festivals with great pomp and show. Hindi or Urdu is a common language for them.


The Bengalis are the old settlers in Manipur. Due to the geographical closeness with Bengal the land has experienced a lot in respect of socio-cultural and socio-religious interaction between the two societies. The contribution of Bengalis to the Manipuri society is valuable. Bengalis are one of the most advanced  and intellectually superb ethnical group of India. Bengali dress of the men is dhoti, kurta, shawl and turban which is same as of a Meitei man. The women wear sari and blouse. The food habits resembles those of Meiteis. Bengalis are rice eaters and fish is the main dish at every evening meal. They take keen interest in celebrations of Hindu festivals. They have maintained their Bengali culture with its finest heritage. They speak Bengali. Bengalis in Manipur are in almost all government offices, business and in teaching profession. Some of them have married Meitei girls. Manipur is having all kinds of people. the society thus gets status of a cosmopolitan society and all groups are in harmonious relations.