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Param Vir Chakra

The Param Vir Chakra  (PVC) is the highest gallantry award for officers and other enlisted personnel of all military branches of India for the highest degree of valour in the presence of the enemy. It was established on January 26, 1950, by the President of India, with effect from August 15, 1947. 

The medal was designed by Mrs Savitri Khanolankar  who was married to an Indian Army officer. The medal is of 1-3/8 inch radius and is made of bronze. In the center, on a raised circle is the state emblem, surrounding which are the four replicas of Indra's Vajra.

The decoration is suspended from a straight swiveling suspension bar. On the rear, around a plain center, two legends separated by lotus flowers. The words Param Vir Chakra are written in Hindi and English.  The ribbon which holds the PVC is of 32 mm length and purple in colour. The award carries a cash allowance for those under the rank of second lieutenant (or the appropriate service equivalent) and, in some cases, a lump-sum cash award.

Recipients of Param Vir Chakra

Name of Recipients
Year

 Major Somnath Sharma, Kumaon Regiment

 Posthumous-November 1947 (Kashmir Operations 1947-48)

  Lance Naik Karham Singh M M,1 Sikh Regiment

 October 13, 1948, Tithwal Kashmir 

 2nd Lt. Rama Raghobe Rane,Corps of Engineers

 April 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947-48)

 Naik Jadu Nath Singh, 1 Rajput Regiment

 February 1948, Naushera, Kashmir (posthumous) 

 Company Havildar Major Piru Singh, Rajputana Rifles

 Posthumous-July 1948 (Kashmir Operations 1947-48)

 Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria, 3/1 Gurkha Rifles

 December 5, 1961, Elizabethville, Katanga, Congo (posthumous) 

 Major Dhan Singh Thapa, 1/8 Gurkha Rifles

 October 20, 1962, Ladakh, India 

 Subedar Joginder Singh, 1 Sikh Regiment

 October 23, 1962, Tongpen La, Northeast Frontier Agency, India (posthumous) 

 Major Shaitan Singh, Kumaon Regiment

 November 18, 1962, Rezang La (posthumous) 

 Company Havildar Major Abdul Hamid, 4 Grenadiers

 September 10, 1965, Operation against Pakistan (posthumous) 

 Lieutenant-Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore

 17 Poona Horse, October 15, 1965, Phillora, Sialkot Sector, Pakistan (posthumous) 

 Lance Naik Albert Ekka

 14 Guards, December 3, 1971, Gangasagar (posthumous) 

 Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, Indian Air Force

 December 14, 1971, Srinagar, Kashmir (posthumous) 

 2nd  Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal, 17 Poona Horse

  December 16, 1971, Jarpal, Shakargarh Sector, (posthumous) 

 Major Hoshiar Singh, Grenadiers

 December 17, 1971, Basantar River, Shakargarh Sector 

 Naib Subedar Bana Singh, 8 Jammu and Kashmir  Light Infantry

 June 23, 1987, Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir 

 Major Ramaswamy Parmeshwaran, 8 Mahar Regiment

 November 25, 1987, Sri Lanka (posthumous) 

 Captain Vikram Batra, 13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles

 July 6, 1999

 Lt Manoj Kumar Pandey, 1/11 Gorkha Rifles

 July 3, 1999 (OP Vijay in Kargil)

 Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav, 18 Grenadiers

 July 4, 1999, (OP Vijay in Kargil) 

 Rifleman Sanjay Kumar,13 Jammu and Kashmir Rifles

 July 5, 1999


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