The number of registered working factories in the state were 20,050 (provisional)
at the end of 2000 and the number of small scale industrial units was
2,56,388 as on March 31, 2001.
Establishments engaged in the manufacture
of cotton textiles provide employment to a major portion of the
industrial workers followed by the manufacture of non-metallic mineral
products. These two industries together provide employment to 31.49
% of the industrial workers . There is a development of industries like
Chemicals, petrochemicals, fertilizers, engineering, electronics etc.
With the largest petro- chemical complex in the country, Gujarat is a
major producer of inorganic chemicals such as soda-ash and caustic soda
as well as chemical fertilizers.
The establishments engaged in manufacturing of machinery
and machinery tools and parts except electrical machinery, manufacture
of wool, silk and synthetic fibre textiles and manufacture of basic metal
and alloys industries cover 30.50 % of the total industrial workers. Other
manufacturing products are rubber, plastic, petroleum and coal products,
transport equipments and parts, food products etc.
A large number of small scale industries are pertaining
to metallic work, chemical industries, machinery except electricity and
transport, cotton industry and non metallic mineral work etc. The diary
industry with a milk procurement of 35 lakh litres is the first in the
There is production of oil and natural gas in Ankleswar,
Cambay and Kalol and a oil refinery at Koyali.
Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) have
developed around 257 mega industrial estates such as the ones at Jhagadia,
Vagra, Savli, Dahej, Anklaseshwar etc. Jamnagar, Porbandar, Jafrabad,
Bhavnagar etc are centers of Industry and trade.