Second Trimester (13-28 weeks) is the most enjoyable time by the pregnant women as they find this time is more easier than the first trimester. During this period, many of the early symptoms of pregnancy like morning sickness and fatigue may usually disappear. You and your baby is undergoing many changes. At this stage the fetus is fully formed and look like a human. All the organs start growing and the baby started moving inside. By the end of the fifth month of pregnancy, you will start to feel the movement of your baby known as quickening. From fifth month onwards, the brain will undergo its most important period of growth. Your abdomen will start expanding and you will look like a pregnant women. At the second half of the pregnancy there may appear stretch marks which may be in pink, red, black in colour depending on the colour of your skin.
This is a period of tremendous growth for your baby. The fetus is fully active and you should have felt his movements for the first time as a faint fluttering. He may even react to noises outside the womb. Your baby may suck its thumb. At the time of an ultra sound scanning, you may able to see the the moving of the baby. He has well - developed lanugo hair over his boy as well as hair appearing on the head. Fat is now being stored beneath your baby's skin. The sense of touch is developed at 17 weeks so it is able to feel its surroundings. By this month, baby's middle ear structures have formed, enabling baby to hear sound. Milk teeth will begin forming under your baby's gums. A greasy white substance called vernix caseosa coats her entire body to protect her skin during its long submersion in amniotic fluid. The blood cells take over for the liver the job of producing blood. At the end of the fifth month of pregnancy your baby is approximately 10-12 inches long and weighs about 340 gm.
This month is also considered as a period of rapid growth of baby. Now the baby is fully formed and looks like a miniature human. Your baby's skin seems wrinkled and red. The circulation of the lungs is forming. There have been dramatic development in the thinking part of the brain. His eyes are open which are usually blue in colour and will not change to their final colour until some weeks after the baby is born. Fatty sheaths which transmit electrical impulses along nerves are forming. Meconium, your babyís first stool, is developing. Baby girls will develop eggs in their ovaries during this month. The baby's bones are becoming stronger. A special type of fat is forming to keep your baby warm at birth. You can feel the baby move if you put your hands on your stomach. You may even see shape of a foot or bottom as the baby turns and kicks. By the end of the sixth month, Your, baby will be around 11 to 14 inches long and will weigh about 900 gm. He has a good chance of survival if he should be born now and looked after in a special care baby unit.
Mother's Physical Changes
During the middle months of pregnancy, the expectant mother will probably feel better that she felt in the first trimester. Most of them will enjoy this time. She may be able to feel the movement of the fetus known as quickening. Morning sickness like nausea and fatigue usually lessen or disappear. You may started gaining weight rapidly. As the babyís growth continues, the expectant motherís uterus expands into the abdominal cavity. By the end of the fifth month of pregnancy, the top of the uterus, called the fundus, reaches the navel.
The expectant mother may see a yellowish fluid from her breast before breast milk. This is the best time to prepare for breast feeding. Indigestion problems like heartburn, gas and constipation may appear during this time. You may feel shortness of breath as your baby gets bigger, there will be increased pressure on all your organs especially in lungs. Increased sweating may be common. The skin on the abdomen and breast stretches and stretch mark may visible. A dark line will also form from naval down to the middle of the abdomen. Due to the increase in hormone, she may have nose bleeding and her gums may become more spongy and bleed easily.
Although miscarriage in low-risk pregnancies is rare at this time, women sometimes have other problems in the second trimester, including high blood pressure, which may be a sign of preeclampsia sugar in the urine, a sign of gestational diabetes (a form of diabetes associated with pregnancy), iron-deficiency (anemia) etc. You may notice a white-colored vaginal discharge called leukorrhea. It is normal but a colored or bloody discharge may be a signal of possible complications and should be examined immediately.
Take enough iron and other minerals because during your pregnancy, you body needs more iron for developing baby and the placenta and also to keep up with your expanding blood volume. Have iron rich foods which include, lean red meat, fish, lentils, legumes, spinach etc. Eating well with all the nutrients is very important for this time as your baby is also growing much more rapidly. There is a chance of getting a urinary tract infection may increase. Drink at least eight glasses of water each day. Most of the women may find difficulty in sleeping. Try using extra pillows to get comfortable at night. Put one between your legs as you lie on your side and another one behind your back.
During the regular check ups, the physician will check the height and weight of mother, the fetal heartbeat, the size, shape and height of the uterus, any swelling of the mother's hands and feet, blood pressure, urine and any other symptoms or discomforts depending on your medical condition.
Questions & Answers
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