High blood pressure that affects the arteries that supply the lung is called Pulmonary Hypertension. This is a serious condition that progressively worsens and can lead to right heart failure and death.
There are two types of Pulmonary Hypertension:
1) Primary or idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. This is a condition where no cause can be found for pulmonary hypertension. It is genetic and more females are affected than males.
2) Secondary pulmonary hypertension- has many causes.
a) COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), emphysema
b) Pulmonary emboli or clot in the lung
c) Sleep apnea- where carbon dioxide level is elevated
d) Congenital heart diseases
f) Pulmonary disease- like fibrosis
g) Left sided heart failure
h) High altitudes
i) stimulants- such as cocaine
There can be four classifications:
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