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BRONCHITIS

BRONCHITIS SYMPTOMS DIAGNOSIS TREATMENT


It is an infection of the lung up to the bronchial passages, excluding lung tissue and the alveoli. X-rays are the only way to differentiate bronchitis from pneumonia. The most common organisms are the same ones that cause acute sinusitis and middle ear infections. Examples include Streptococcus pneumonia, H. influenza, and Moraxella. Viruses are also responsible for a significant percentage.

Symptoms

Bronchitis is an infection of the lung up to the bronchial passages, excluding lung tissue and the alveoli. X-rays are the only way to differentiate bronchitis from pneumonia. The most common organisms are the same ones that cause acute sinusitis and middle ear infections. Examples include Streptococcus pneumonia, H. influenza, and Moraxella. Viruses are also responsible for a significant percentage.


Symptoms

Cough with sputum production is the usual presentation. In cases of bacterial bronchitis, yellowish sputum may occur. Mild fever, chest tightness, and pin which coughing may also be seen. 

Diagnosis

Your physician may be able to hear abnormal lung sounds such as rales. Chest x-ray may show a normal picture.

Treatment

Mild cases require only hydration or symptomatic treatment such as cough syrups may be sufficient. In sever cases of bacterial bronchitis, antibiotics may be warranted.

Posted By :Dr. Sunitha, NJ, USA   Contact Now




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