AIDS( Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a condition linked to HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that affects the natural functioning of the body's immune system. It attacks the 'T-cells' which are vital for the body's ability to fight off disease. The virus is found in blood and body fluids such as semen and vaginal secretions. The virus is transmitted mainly by sexual intercourse but can also be passed on when secretions containing HIV is transferred to a body of a non-infected person. One should check for HIV when he/she has contracted one of several diseases indicating a significant breakdown in the immune system.
The only reliable way to determine whether or not you are infected with HIV is to have a blood test for HIV done. If you have HIV antibodies in your blood, it means that you have an HIV infection or you are HIV-Positive. Sometimes a person can be an asymptomatic carrier of the virus. They may have the virus but show no symptoms and remain well but eventually after a long period say 8-10 years they succumb to the dieease
How the virus is transmitted
The virus can be transmitted by:-
There is no effective vaccine against Human Immunodeficiency Virus and hence no complete cure for the disease. Intense research is going on to restore the immune system to normalcy in HIV patients and to find and effective vaccine. Asymptomatic carriers may be treated with anti-retroviral therapy to delay the onset and lessen the impact of HIV infections. Drugs used include Zidovudine ( ZDU) and Dideoxyinosine (DDI) but both have a range of toxic side effects. Other treatment is for the infections and cancers that may arise due to HIV which improve the quality of life of AIDS victims.
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