Friday, June 2, 2023

Bihar Tourism

»Vaishali »Bodhgaya



The ancient city of Pataliputra, now known as Patna is the capital of Bihar. It is located on the southern side of Ganga river and stretches about 15 Kms. This historically famous city has been ruled by major kingdoms like Magadha, Maurya, Gupta, Pala and Mughal emperor and renamed several times by the rulers. Relics of this ancient city can be seen at Kumhrar, Bhikhnapahari, Agamkuan, Bulandi Bag etc. Today it is an important business centre of eastern India.

There are daily flights to Patna from Delhi, Calcutta and Lucknow. Patna is linked by rail with New Delhi, Mumbai, Varanasi, Calcutta and many other major cities. Patna is well connected by road with Bodhgaya (125 km), Calcutta (90 km), Rajgir (102 km) and many other places of tourist interest within Bihar. 


This huge and impressive granary is situated between Maidan and the Ganga river. Captain John Garstin of the Bengal Engineers build it in 1786 to store grains for the British army following a terrible famine. This building has an extra ordinary 29 meter high ovoid dome and has a base of 125 meters and 3.6 meters thick walls.  It was  intended to hold 137000 tons of grains. However, it was never completed. It gives an excellent view of the city and the Ganga river from its top which can be reached by the winding stairway around it.

Har Mandir

This is one of the holy sites of Sikhs, located in the chowk area at old Patna.  This shrine was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in white marble with kiosks on the terrace in commemoration of Guru Gobind Singh, the10th guru of the Sikhs who was born in Patna in 1660. It is the second of the four great takhts or thrones in the Sikh world.  There is a  museum which exhibits the photos, holy scriptures and personal possessions of the Guru.

Saif Khan's Mosque

The mosque built by Parwaz Shah, son of Mughal emperor Jahangir located near Harmandir on the banks of river Ganga, is also known as Chimni Ghat, Sangi or pathar masjid. The mosque was built during Parwaz Shah's tenure as Governor of Bihar.

State Museum

The museum is at Buddha Marg. Opens from 1030 to 1630.Entry - free.  This museum contains a rare collection of coins, paintings, terracotta, bronze and stone sculptures of the Maurya and Gupta periods. The famous Mauryan Didarganji Yakshi (3rd century BC), Ashes of Buddha, a First World War cannon, Jain sculpture and archeological finds from Bodh Gaya, Nalanda and Kukrihar are included in the collection. It also has the Tibetan and Chinese sections and 15 meter long fossil tree.  The mezzanine floor contains the Tibetan 'Thankas'. 


This archeological site is located 5kms from Patna railway station on the Kanjarbagh Road. Excavations here have revealed relics of over a thousand years of four ruling periods from 600BC to 600AD. The remains found here is a huge Mauryan hall supported by 80 sandstone pillars dating back to 300BC.

Martyr's Memorial 

The  martyr's memorial is a sculpture near the Secretariat honouring the seven freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives in the Quit India Movement of August 1942. They were shot dead when they attempted to hoist the national flag.


It is about 8 kms east of the Golghar near Kumrahar.  This is an old opium godown (warehouse) of  former East India Company. This warehouse, hall and ballroom are open to visitors.  

Jalan Museum

The museum holds the private collection of jade, Chinese paintings and silver filigree work of the Mughal period. It is constructed at the site of Sher Shah's fort. 

Khuda Baksh Oriental Library

One of the national libraries of India, Khuda Baksh Oriental library has a rare collection of Arabic and Persian manuscripts,  books from the University of Cordoba, Spain and Rajput and Mughal paintings.