The social welfare department of the state has been concentrating on the
welfare of the so-called backward classes and other weaker section of the
society. For imparting training to the member of the scheduled castes and the
backward classes in weaving, leather technology, wood work, tailoring,
knitting, and embroidery, the government has set up eight technical
institutes in the state . The social welfare department is also running nearly
200 community social welfare centres in Jammu and in the Kashmir
division. There are two residential institutes for the blind, one each in the
Jammu and Kashmir regions.
At present, many hostels are functioning in the state for providing
free boarding, lodging, health care, and coaching facilities
to the Gujjar and Bakarwal students.
national family planning Programme was started in 1957-58, and it was
followed by the establishment of Regional Family planning Training Centre in
The welfare of government
employees, especially at the lower rungs, is particularly looked after. Another
aspect of welfare is the generation of the employment opportunities. Small
-scale industrial units set up in far- flung areas under the rural Industrial
Programme have a pronounced welfare bias. The units include handloom
weaving, oil crushing, leather tanning, shoe-making, etc. Jammu
and Kashmir has been declared as a special category state, on grounds of
financial imbalances. The ratio of grant to loan is 90:10 in special
category states as against 30:70 for the others.