Jammu and Kashmir is the only state where education is free up to university
stage. Seasonal schools have been opened for people in the hilly areas and for
the scheduled castes.
Yet the state is educationally backward. Against the national literacy
rate of 78.26% for males and 58.01% for females, the state has a literacy figure
of only 68.74 %.
On the technical education side,
there are two regional engineering colleges in the state. In addition,
there are four polytechnics to impart vocational training. District
institutes of education have been opened in all the districts of the state
to provide extensive and intensive training to the teachers.
During the Eighth Five year plan period, Physical Education has been made a
compulsory subject at the primary level. The core element of this educational
strategy is that it will help to lay a strong foundation for the
mental development of a child and also for fructification of his
inner urges and aspirations through development of his physique.