Tuesday, October 3, 2023




In the field of music, Gujarat  has made its own contribution. A number of Ragas bear the territorial names of Gujarat such as Gujaqri Todi, Bilaval (from Veraval), Sorathi, (from Sorath), Khambavati (from Khambhat, Cambay), Ahiri and Lati. These are invaluable gifts of Gujarat  to the classical music of India.Jesingbhai, the creator of the Vichitra Veena, a musical string  instrument, was from Ahmedabad.

Gujarat  has preserved folk music in its pure and pristine form by Charans and Gadhavis, a community whose hereditary profession is folk music and folk arts. Lullaby, Nupital  songs, festive songs, Rannade  songs are the different types of folk songs in Gujarat. Marsias is a peculiar form of singing at the time of death. The Vaishnava cult in Gujarat has produced a special variety of music which can be classified as temple-music.

Besides its contribution to classical and folk music, Gujarat  has produced its own  folk instruments. Wind  type instruments like Turi, Bungal, Pava, String type Ravan Hattho, Ektaro, and Jantar, percussion type like Manjira, Zanz pot drun etc.