Thursday, July 18, 2024

Arts and Architecture

Dance & Music

Folk music 

Folk songs are mostly sung by Bihari amateurs all over the state. The Thumar  or Barahmasa is sung by female in groups when they are engaged in paddy plantation. When grinding corn in Jata or Chakki, they sing Jatusari. Sohar is sung on the occasion of child-birth and Sumangali, when marriage rites are to conclude. 

In early nineteenth century Bihar, music was cultivated by certain professional classes alone and rich men extended generous patronage to musicians, especially to superior female artistes who were allowed small endowments.

The Hindu Kathaks went about in-groups of three or four and sang with Tamburu, Sarangi, Majira and dholak  accompaniment, mostly from Jaideva's 'Geet Govinda'. They sang common songs and love songs of Bengal. The Yajaks were employed at funerals, the Bhajaniyas and Kirtaniyas were employed by Brahmans to sing holy songs after the morning prayer, > Roshan Chouki parties were employed to play on pipes and drums and also to accompany Muharram processions. The Pamarias, men and women, who were mostly Muslims, thronged to sing where marriages were being held and birth has taken place and were satisfied only when they were given a handsome remuneration. Most women sang at marriage ceremonies.

There was  also a class of dancing boys called Bhakliyas. These dancers had no fixed abode. They came to Bihar to celebrate Holy in the month of Chaitra.