Many cancers are curable if detected at an early stage. The symptoms
of different cancers vary. So it is important to be aware of the symptoms of
Change in size or shape of an already existing wart or mole.
Unusual bleeding or discharge.
A lump or thickening in the breast or elsewhere.
A sore that does not heal
Change in bowel or bladder habits.
Persistent hoarseness or cough.
Persistent indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.
If you detect any of the above symptoms, seek medical intervention
and do appropriate test to make sure it is cancer or not.
Possible symptoms in specific types of cancers:
Bladder cancer :
Blood in the urine, pain or burning upon urination; frequent
urination; or cloudy urine
Bone cancer : Pain in the bone or swelling around the affected site; fractures
in bones; weakness, fatigue; weight loss; repeated infections; nausea, vomiting,
constipation, problems with urination; weakness or numbness in the legs; bumps
and bruises that persist
Brain cancer : Dizziness; drowsiness; abnormal eye movements or changes in vision;
weakness, loss of feeling in arms or legs or difficulties in walking; fits or
convulsions; changes in personality, memory or speech; headaches that tend to
be worse in the morning and ease during the day, that may be accompanied by
nausea or vomiting
Breast cancer : A lump or thickening of the breast and or other physical changes
in the breast; discharge from the nipple; change in the skin of the breast;
a feeling of heat; or enlarged lymph nodes under the arm
Colorectal cancer : Rectal bleeding (red blood in stools or black
stools); abdominal cramps; constipation alternating with diarrhea; weight loss;
loss of appetite; weakness; pallid complexion
Cervical Cancer : Bleeding between menstrual periods; unusual discharge; painful
menstrual periods; heavy periods.
Kidney cancer : Blood in urine; dull ache or pain in the back
or side; lump in kidney area, sometimes accompanied by high blood pressure or
abnormality in red blood cell count
Leukemia : Weakness, paleness; fever and flu-like symptoms; bruising and prolonged
bleeding; enlarged lymph nodes, spleen, liver; pain in bones and joints; frequent
infections; weight loss; night sweats, nosebleeds.
Lung cancer : Wheezing, persistent cough for months; blood-streaked
sputum; persistent ache in chest; congestion in lungs; enlarged lymph nodes
in the neck
Melanoma (Skin cancer) : Change in mole or other bump on the skin, including
bleeding or change in size, shape, color, or texture.
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma : Painless swelling in the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm,
or groin; persistent fever; feeling of fatigue; unexplained weight loss; itchy
skin and rashes; small lumps in skin; bone pain; swelling in the abdomen; liver
or spleen enlargement
Oral cancer : A lump in the mouth, ulceration of the lip, tongue or inside of
the mouth that does not heal within a couple of weeks; dentures that no longer
fit well; oral pain, bleeding, foul breath, loose teeth, and changes in speech
Ovarian cancer : Abdominal swelling; in rare cases, abnormal vaginal bleeding;
Pancreatic cancer : Upper abdominal pain and unexplained weight loss; pain near
the center of the back; intolerance of fatty foods; yellowing of the skin; abdominal
masses; enlargement of liver and spleen
Prostate cancer : Weak and interrupted urine flow due to blockage of the urethra;
bladder retains urine, creating frequent feelings of urgency to urinate, especially
at night; bladder not emptying completely; burning or painful urination; bloody
urine; tenderness over the bladder; and dull ache in the pelvis or back
Stomach cancer : Indigestion or heartburn; discomfort or pain
in the abdomen; nausea and vomiting; diarrhea or constipation; bloating after
meals; loss of appetite; weakness and fatigue; bleeding - vomiting blood or
blood in the stool
Uterine cancer : Abnormal vaginal bleeding, a watery bloody discharge in postmenopausal
women; a painful urination; pain during intercourse; pain in pelvic area