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1 - 2 years - The Toddler

1 - 2 yearsYour baby's first birthday, he's stepping into toddler hood.  This is a good time to reflect how far your baby has come since her birth. 

By their second birthdays, most of them are losing that 'baby' look and growing taller instead of rounder. Babies this age are developing a real personality and will reward you with a delightful sense of humour, smiling faces, and affectionate hugs. She loves to express affection and delights in being loved.

Sleeping
Generally between the ages of 1 and 2, a toddler requires about 10 to 13 hours of sleep a day. Two to three hours in day time and 9-10 hours at night. From about one year, your toddler will settle down to sleep much more happily if the whole process of going to bed follows a routine. Babies love routine and rituals. Start the routine in the same way every evening, by giving a bath or if she does not care for it much, give a bed time feeding if she still has one or lie close to her and pat her rhythmically so as to relax her. Any time between 7 pm to 9 pm would be suitable. Position your baby's favourite soft toy next to her while she's sleeping. Just make sure your toddler is getting enough rest. And remember that every child is different, some need up to two hours more or less sleep than others.

Feeding
By about 1 to 2 year old, your toddler should be moving towards eating the same food at mealtimes that the rest of the family are having. Although she may still be getting half or more of her daily calories from breast milk or formula, regular table food is helping to balance out her diet. Some toddlers may show a decreased appetite about now. In the second year of their life, baby's growth is slowing down and they may add only about 3-4kgs of weight. Teething also can make your baby lose interest in food. Try to strike the right balance between letting her eat when she's hungry and letting her pick at her food when she's not. Don't force food on her, but maintain control over her nutritious and healthful snacking between meals and breastfeed as often as your child wants and continue until a baby's second birthday.  Although you can now start to offer foods you've been withholding milk, citrus fruits, egg whites, be on the lookout for any allergic reactions. Provide fruit or unsweetened yogurt for dessert at meals. Cheese is excellent too, because it neutralizes the acid that forms in the mouth and attacks tooth enamel. Take care to avoid foods that cause choking such as popcorn, hard candies, chunks of carrots, grapes, raisins and whole nuts. Cut or finely chop such foods, or simply wait until your baby gets older. 

Height and Weight
While developmental growth is going full speed ahead, physical growth slows down during this year. After her first birthday, your toddler won't put weight on steadily. He/ she may gain only 3-4kgs this year.

An average 15-month-old girl weighs about 22 pounds (10kgs) and stands 31 inches tall. Boys tend to be about a pound heavier at 15 months but about the same height. By age 2, both will stand about 34 inches tall and weigh about 27 or 28 pounds (12-13 kgs) on an average. Your toddler's head size will also more or less remain steady. He'll probably add about an inch to his head circumference, bringing him closer to his adult head size.

Physical Changes of your baby

Movement 
Crawls well, stands alone, sits down. Towards the end of this year, your child may grow confident and skillful enough to go up and down the stairs alone, by holding onto the railing.

Touching and Holding
Likes to push, pull and dump things. Holds crayons. He may scribble,  but with little control. Turns pages in a book. Feeds self with spoon, waves bye-bye and claps hands. Rolls a ball. From about 18 months your child will be able to build a tower of four or even five blocks. Plays alone on floor with toys. Your baby will be fascinated by pictures long before she can talk, and will love looking at books.

Talking and Hearing
Says "hi" or "bye" if reminded. Says 8-20 words you can understand. At about 18 months of age, babies realize that words does have a meaning. When you ask him, he'll point to objects or pictures and hand them over to you. He even points out his eyes, hands , nose, mouth etc if you teach him. By the age of two he may be able to say two words together such as 'me go', 'wha is' and will know about 200 words in all. 

Social Development 
Imitates others, especially by coughing, sneezing, or making animal sounds. At around 18 months of age, he wants to do things by himself and starts to say no and means it. He may imitate you doing chores. Enjoys an audience and appreciation. Becomes upset when separated from his loved ones.




Viewer's Comment
 Anjali Swaroop, Delhi    2/5/2016
Thanks far the information very useful
 Indu Imran Khan, Haryana    28/1/2016
I'll be very thankful for guide us...
 Arunaramkumar, Bangalore    15/10/2015
It helps me a lot .I don't know what to do but it helps me thanks to webindia123
 Shikha Sharma , Delhi     19/8/2015
Thanks.. For info... It's very useful for me. I am also observe the same things in my 13 months son parth.
 Monika , Gurgaon     8/12/2014
Thanks for the information.....very useful...
 SONIA SAHA, WEST BENGAL.    5/12/2014
Its true because i observe the same thing in my 19 months daughter.Thanks for the information.Very useful.I really came to know that my child is growing properly.Thanks for all this helpfuL guidelines.
 sangeetha thiruppathy, Chennai    30/8/2014
Very useful to know things better
 Leolawrence, Malaysia    18/8/2014
Thanks for the info...
 Lucy, Chennai    27/5/2014
Superb......very useful thanks a lot
 Nandini Anal, Deoghar    5/5/2014
Very nice and also help full. ?.........thanks
 Sudha , Eluru    29/3/2014
Its true because i observe the same thing in my 18 months daughter
 Dilip, Surat    24/3/2014
Its very nice tips thanks...
 Komal Manindersingh, Bhavnagar, Gujrat    11/3/2014
Its really very nice tips. I really came to know that my child is growing properly.Thank you very much.
 Himanshi dwivedi, Dun    3/2/2014
Thanks for all this useful guidelines
 Ratheesh Kumar, Calicut, Kerala    31/1/2014
Thanks this useful article and godbless you...but my baby girl says in 9 months....
 Gurwinder Singh , Patiala    5/9/2013
Thanks for all this useful guidelines
 Purabi Jha, Agra    4/9/2013
A lot of thanks for this helpful & useful article.
 Rajbir, Australia    6/6/2013
Thanks..... My son is 2years old & he is really fussy in eating, & I got lot of tips for his healthy nutrition. your guidelines are really helpful. Thanks lot..
 Namita, Ghaziabad, UP    9/4/2013
Thanks .....for help me to be a caring mother by ur tips
 Hema, Chennai    28/3/2013
My daughter is 12 months old and recently she started avoiding food and started eating very less. This worried me a lot and the above article is helpful to know that 12 to 24 months baby need less nutrition compared to <1 year baby. simple and good article...
 Meyru, China    9/10/2012
This is nice to know about ur baby, in which age what he will say words and what he need i learnt form ur website.
 mrs.Jaswinder Lakhan Chaudhary, Nilokheri    22/9/2012
hi,i have a baby boy Tanpreet have 18 months,he is perfect in things as above,very very thanks for the guidelines.
 Priya Nandrame, Mauritius    5/8/2012
I have a baby girl call Vygan have 25 months,she's in perfect health as above, Thanks very for the guidelines.
 Anjum Ansari, Chhattisgarha    16/7/2012
These guidelines will be helpul in understanding my baby's all round growth. Thank you so much.
 Radhika, Hyderabad    7/7/2012
Thanks alot for giving such information about chidren. So we can take care of our children in the bestway.... Thank you so much.
 Rachael Mwenja, Hola    4/7/2012
Thanks alot and keep up the good work of helping parents raise their kids in a good way.
 Sonali, Nasik    15/6/2012
Very helpful suggestions..... Thanks
 Tushar, Nagpur    2/5/2012
Best suggestions for guiding parents...
 Payal, Dharan     11/4/2012
Wonderful Advice!!!
 Jyoti Golchha, Kolkata    6/3/2012
Its really helpful.

Questions of
 Questions & Answers
 1.  Posted on : 6.7.2015  By  :  H B Nagle , Nagpur View Answer (0) Post Answer
 

My son akshay has been suffering from hydocele for last one year. His one testis is increasing. one more thing is that he is suffering from hemangioma by birth and after two years of his birth hydrocele and tonsils are the new diseases arises

 
 2.  Posted on : 20.5.2014  By  :  Arav Gagan , Ranchi View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

I want to 01 Years old baby Vaccine chart ex. Pneumonia, Hepatitis A, Chicken Pocks, Flu. 1.Pneumonia Patient Baby 2. DOB-02/04/2013

 
A1: 

These are the reccommendations for immunization by Indian peadiatric associations 1. Hepatitis A - 1 dose (12 Months) , 2 Dose (24 Months) Pnumococcus Vaccination - 1 Dose (1 1/2 Months) 2 Dose (2 1/2 months) 3 Dose - (3 1/2 months) Chickenpox Vaccination 1 Dose - 15 months 2 Dose - 4- 6 years Influence Vaccination - Every Year Check the link for more details https://www.webindia123.com/health/child/baby/Immunization_Chart.html Please consult your peadiatrician for further Advise

  Posted By :Admin , Kochi | On 26.5.2014
 3.  Posted on : 27.1.2014  By  :  Vaishnavi , Chennai View Answer (1) Post Answer
 

Hi thanks for the above information and I am having two more question first one is we can use citric acid regularly for new born baby second my son body over heat what I want to do become normal

 
A1: 

You should not use citric acid on a new born baby. Your son probably is a normal active one year old, if you are concerned, please consult a pediatrician. https://yellowpages.webindia123.com/d-py/Tamil-Nadu/Chennai/Doctors-Pediatrics-459/1/

  Posted By :Admin , | On 26.5.2014
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