HD Deve Gowda, polularly known as " Mannina Maga (Son
of Soil)" is a faithfull fighter for socio- economic development
and an avid admirer of cultural heritage. He was the 11th Prime
Minister of India and the 14th Chief minister of the state of
Karnataka. He is a powerfull leader of Vokkalliga Community
and the national president of Janata Dal (Secular) Party.
Gowda was born in 1933 at Hassan district of Karnataka and
belongs to an agricultural family. After getting a diploma in
civil engineering, Deve Gowda plunged into active politics at
an early age of 20. He joined in Indian National congress and
remained in that party till 1962. He started his political career
as head of Anjaneya Co-operative Society and later on as a member
of the Taluk Development Board. He was elected from Holenarasipura
constituency to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly for seven
consecutive terms. During the split of Congress party, he joined
in Congress (O) and served as opposition leader. In 1975, Deve
Gowda was jailed for 18 months when he opposed state of emergency
inducted by Indira Gandhi.
In 1983, under the ministry of Shri Rama Krishna Hegde, Deve
Gowda served as Minister for Public Works and Irrigation in
Karnataka. In 1991, he was elected to 10th Lok Sabha from Hassan
Lok Sabha constituency.
In December 1994, he was elected from the Ramanagara constituency
and sworn in as the 14th Chief Minister of Karnataka. As a chief
minister, Deve gowda contributed a lot to the developement of
bangalore City, upliftment of farmers in the state, implemented
50 percent reservation policy for the Dalits & OBCs, brought
reservation system for government jobs to rural educated un-employees,
introduced green card scheme through which people who are below
in proverty line would get ration at the cheaper price.
Shri Deve Gowda resigned as the Chief Minister of Karnataka
on May 30, 1996 to be sworn in as the 11th Prime Minister of
India. He was also in Charge of Ministries/Departments of Petroleum
and Chemicals, Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Atomic
Energy, Home Affairs, Agriculture, Food Processing Industries,
Urban Affairs and Employment and Non-Conventional Energy Sources
and continued till 11 April 1997.
From 1998 onwards he was re-elected as member of Lok sabha
for consecutive four terms. In 2014, he was again elected as
member of 16th Lok Sabha under Modi Government.