Thursday, July 16, 2020
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Bharat Ratna

The India's highest civilian award given for exceptional service towards the advancement of Art, Literature and Science, and in recognition of public service of the highest order. It was established by the President of India, in 2nd January 1954. The regulations were revised 8 January 1955 (to alter the design) and amended 26 January 1957 (to alter the depiction of the devices on the obverse and reverse). From 13 July 1977 to 26 January 1980, awards of the Bharat Ratna were suspended.

 The original specifications for the award called for a circular gold medal, 35 mm in diameter, with the sun and the Hindi legend "Bharat Ratna" above and a floral wreath below. The reverse was to carry the state emblem and motto. It was to be worn around the neck from a 2 inches white ribbon. There is no indication that any specimens of this design were ever produced and one year later the design was altered.

Name Place Year
Pandit Bhimsen Joshi Karnataka 2008
Lata Mangeshkar Maharashtra 2001
Ustad Bismillah Khan Bihar 2001
Pandit Ravi Shankar Uttar Pradesh 1999
Amartya Sen West Bengal 1999
Gopinath Bordoloi Assam 1999
M. S. Subbulakshmi Tamil Nadu 1998
Chidambaram Subramaniam Tamil Nadu 1998
Jayaprakash Narayan Bihar 1998
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Tamil Nadu 1997
Gulzarilal Nanda Punjab 1997
Aruna Asaf Ali West Bengal 1997
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad West Bengal 1992
J. R. D. Tata Maharashtra 1992
Satyajit Ray West Bengal 1992
Rajiv Gandhi New Delhi 1991
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Gujarat 1991
Morarji Desai Gujarat 1991
B. R. Ambedkar Maharashtra 1990
Nelson Mandela South Africa 1990
M. G. Ramachandran Tamil Nadu 1988
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Pakistan 1987
Acharya Vinoba Bhave Maharashtra 1983
Mother Teresa Republic of Macedonia 1980
K. Kamaraj Tamil Nadu 1976
V. V. Giri Orissa 1975
Indira Gandhi Uttar Pradesh 1971
Lal Bahadur Shastri Uttar Pradesh 1966
Dr. Zakir Hussain Andhra Pradesh 1963
Pandurang Vaman Kane Maharashtra 1963
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Bihar 1962
Dr. B. C. Roy West Bengal 1961
Purushottam Das Tandon Uttar Pradesh 1961
Dhondo Keshav Karve Maharashtra 1958
Govind Ballabh Pant Uttarakhand 1957
Bhagwan Das Uttar Pradesh 1955
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya Karnataka 1955
Jawaharlal Nehru Uttar Pradesh 1955
Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Tamil Nadu 1954
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari Tamil Nadu 1954
Sir C. V. Raman Tamil Nadu 1954