is needlework i.e the simple drawing of one loop through another, done with a
hook. You can make a variety of beautiful things like table mats, shawls,
sweaters, dresses etc.
Hooks made of steel, plastic, aluminium and wood are available in different
lengths and sizes. Steel hooks are usually used for cotton thread or fine wool
work, plastic and aluminium hooks for wool, synthetics etc and wooden hooks for
heavy wool (rug making). Yarns and threads are available in a variety
of materials like wool (light, medium and heavy), cotton , synthetic, jute and
Gauge means the number of stitches
and rows per inch. Gauge will be specified in the directions given in a particular
design. When you do crocheting , it is important to maintain the gauge specified
in the design to get the correct size of the article you are making.
check the Gauge, make a sample 3 or 4 inches square patch of the stitch
given. Stitch using the specified hook and yarn. Then place the patch flat on
the table and with a ruler measure the number of stitches and rows per inch.
For eg. Gauge= 4 stitches per inch.
If your stitch number doesn't correspond
to the Gauge given for the design, try out different size hooks i.e a larger hook
if you have more stitches per inch or a smaller hook for less stitches per inch
until the Gauge specified is obtained.
To increase the
stitches, work two stitches in one stitch.
To Decrease Single
one single crochet to a point where there are two loops on hook. Make one more
loop in next stitch. Yarn over hook, draw through all three loops at once. One
one double crochet to a point where two loops are on hook. Begin next double crochet
in next stitch until there are four loops on hook.
over hook, draw through all three loops on hook. One loop remains on hook.