is needlework i.e the simple drawing of one loop through another, done with a
hook. You can make a variety of beautiful things like table mats, shawls,
sweaters, dresses etc.
Hooks made of steel, plastic, aluminium and wood are available in different
lengths and sizes. Steel hooks are usually used for cotton thread or fine wool
work, plastic and aluminium hooks for wool, synthetics etc and wooden hooks for
heavy wool (rug making).
Yarns and threads are available in a variety
of materials like wool (light, medium and heavy), cotton , synthetic, jute and
Gauge means the number of stitches
and rows per inch. Gauge will be specified in the directions given in a particular
design. When you do crocheting , it is important to maintain the gauge specified
in the design to get the correct size of the article you are making.
check the Gauge, make a sample 3 or 4 inches square patch of the stitch
given. Stitch using the specified hook and yarn. Then place the patch flat on
the table and with a ruler measure the number of stitches and rows per inch.
For eg. Gauge= 4 stitches per inch.
If your stitch number doesn't correspond
to the Gauge given for the design, try out different size hooks i.e a larger hook
if you have more stitches per inch or a smaller hook for less stitches per inch
until the Gauge specified is obtained.
Make a chain of twenty stitches. Insert hook under the two top threads
of the forth chain from hook. Draw Yarn through stitch. There are now three
loops on the hook.
Yarn over hook, draw through two loops leaving
one loop. Now there are two loops on hook.
Yarn over hook, draw through two loops. One loop remains on hook. One
double crochet is completed.
For next double
crochet, insert hook under the two top threads of next chain. Yarn over hook
draw through this chain. There are now three loops on hook.
Repeat step 3 and 4. Continue working
a double crochet in each chain across. At the end of the row, chain 3 to turn.
This turning chain is always counted as the first double crochet of the next row.
On the second row, skip first double crochet, work double
crochet in each stitch across.