Monday, November 19, 2018
Goa

The People


Marriage
▪ Introduction ▪ Saddo Ceremony ▪ Hair Cutting Ritual ▪ Beggar's Lunch
▪ Wedding Ceremony ▪ Family organisation ▪ Bangle Wearing Ceremony

The Bangle Wearing ceremony

The bangle wearing ceremony that is held once in her life time for the bride to be is called the Chuddo. The bangles symbolise married life for the bride, as they are broken only on her dead husband's coffin. 

The Chuddo among the upper castes, consists of a set of seven glass bangles of a green colour on each wrist. Among the lower castes, the bangles are of the seven colours of rainbow. This ceremony

is performed on the eve of marriage or a day or two days before. It is done at the house of the maternal uncle of the bride. In the normal case, these bangles are put on her, by the bangle seller. Other relatives and those present at the ceremony are also given by him a pair or more of their choice free of cost. There are songs sung during this time which are typical and  appropriate to the occasion. Offerings of money in token of blessing are put in a tray placed  before the bangle seller. The money collected thus is taken by him over and above the payment that he gets for the work done. 

There are women who are experts in singing in parables and pointed metaphor in the form of Zotis as well as throwing aside all taunts to them and other home people, i.e. relatives and would be relatives. 

After this ceremony at the maternal uncles house, the said uncle sends his niece home with a vojem (a parcel of sweet-meats in a big special type of bamboo woven basket) containing  sweet meats, bananas, bread- twelve each in number. This system is known as Perkund. Similar Perkund calls without the festive bangle are made, when other relatives invite her at their place for lunch or dinner of farewell. She receives a special bunch of  flowers from her uncle and others on this occasion. Even if the parents of the bride, do not happen to be on speaking  terms with the said uncle or relatives, she has to go and get at least water from their well.

If they have no well or it is not possible to get water from there, then some water has to be taken from their house by the bride. Relatives visit the two houses of the bride and of the groom, with flowers etc. Special 'fole' cakes made of rice-flour stuffed with shredded coconut  mixed with jaggery, cupped into a wrapping of jack-fruit  tree leaves and pinned by a thin stick-pin are served at the maternal uncle's house. Or it may be 'mankeo' some thing like dosas stuffed with coconut-shredding and jaggery. The Chuddo ceremony is same for both Hindus and Muslims. 

The 'Saddo' a variant of the saree is a special  dress, usually flowery or plain red or pink, worn by the bride in the house, at the day of the wedding after the official function is over. It is given by the maternal uncle to the bride among Hindus and Christians. Among Muslims no such practice is  noticed.

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