|
|
|
|
logo
Saturday, September 20, 2014
FOLLOW US ON
Find Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Follow Us on Google Plus Youtube
AUTOMOBILE CITY GUIDE CLASSIFIEDS Cookery EDUCATION JOBS MOVIES NEWS SHOPPING VIDEOS YELLOWPAGES Real Estate MORE
garden
HOME Bonsai Crotons Flowering Plants Ferns Herbs & Spices Palms Vegetables Types of Plants Garden Tips Post Tips Ask Query Q & A Post Articles

You are in : GARDENING » FLOWERING PLANTS » Dalia

Dalia

 Scientific Name : Dahlia
 Family : Compositeae
 Colour : Varied
 Common names : Dahlia, Dalia
 Flowering Period : July- October
 
Dalia

Dahlia is a flowering plant from Mexico. Genus of about 30, 000 species with some 20, 000 cultivars. Plants come in a wide array of sizes/ forms from as low as 12 inches to as tall as 6-8 feet with flowers ranging from half-inch to giant sizes. The blooms are curvaceous, spiky with single or double forms. Colours range from white to red, orange to yellow, pink to dark purple and shades thereof. Dahlias last long as cut flowers.

Dahlias can be annuals which flower the first year from seed or perennials which take longer to mature and flower. It is easy to grow except in cold conditions or extreme hot dry weather.

Propagation and Planting

Dahlias can propagate or multiply from seeds, root division or cuttings. Single-flowered dahlias produce lots of seed. It is from seed that new varieties are produced. Seeds can be sown 1/2 inch deep in a well drained medium in a container, indoors or outdoors (in warm regions) usually during March/April. They need moist soil and indirect light. The seeds will sprout in 7-21 days. When the sprouts have two or more sets of true leaves (about five weeks) transplant them to three-inch pots and plant them outdoors. 

To obtain a same variety of a particular dahlia, propagation should be done by cuttings or tuberous roots. Perennial dahlias are generally  purchased as tuberous roots. Annuals, form tuberous roots the first year. These tuberous roots can be saved for use next year. In March or April divide the clumps of the tuberous roots with a sharp knife and take care that each division has a part of the crown that has a bud. The tubers can be planted horizontally with the eye upward (the new growth bud) 3 to 4 inches deep in light soil or sand and should be spaced 6 to 36 inches apart depending on the ultimate size of the plant. For tall plants, once the plant attains sufficient height, it can be secured loosely to a stake so that it stands steady.

Dahlias can be propagated from cuttings to increase the number of plants. When the third or fourth set of leaves forms, plant the cuttings in clean, moist sand. In 2 or 3 weeks, the cuttings will root and you can replant them in pots or in the garden.

Care

A light loose sandy soil with organic matter i.e., manure or peat moss or bone meal or by adding vegetative refuse such as leaves etc is the ideal medium for planting Dahlias. Dahlias need full sun and appreciate steady moisture and regular feedings until the flowers start to appear. Watering deeply once a week or everyday in hot weather should be ideal. A fertilizer in the ratio 0-20-20 can be applied around the hole where each tuber is planted. The plant may take 6 -to 8 weeks before any growth becomes visible above ground level.

Pruning and disbudding is necessary if good blooms are to be grown. For a bushier plant, pinch out the growing shoot after plants have produced 4 to 6 pairs of good, strong leaves. A number of buds will appear at the top of the stems. To get maximum sized flowers, some of these buds should be pinched out. If only one bud is allowed to develop, the largest possible flower will be produced. It takes about 6 weeks from the time buds are removed until another series of buds is formed and about three weeks longer for the buds to open.


Dahlia Flower Gallery


Questions of
 Questions & Answers
» more...
 
 
 
SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend
 
 
ANNUALS
 
 
Aster
Balsam
Bachelor's Button
Carnation
Dahlia
Football Lily
Impatiens
Marigold
Zinnia
 
 
Gardening Videos
more...   
 
idea
 

QUICK LINKS - WEBINDIA123.COM
CAREER OPTIONS
DATES AND EVENTS
INSTITUTES IN INDIA
STUDY ABROAD
UK, USA, Canada
CLASSIFIEDS
JOBS
MATRIMONIAL
ASTROLOGY
GORGEOUS CELEBRITIES
VIDEOS
E-CARDS
BEAUTY AND STYLE
HEALTH
COMMUNITY
FOOD
YOGA
CRAFTS
GARDENING
PHOTOS
Shopping
DEALS AND DISCOUNTS
YELLOW PAGES
TOUR PACKAGES
POCKET DICTIONARY
EVENTS
NEWS
WORLD TIME
DONATE BLOOD
AUTOMOBILE
CITY GUIDE
DANCE
FESTIVAL
FINANCE

GOVERNMENT

HISTORY
INDIAN CRAFTS
INDIA FACTS
law
MEDICINE
MUSIC
NRI
PERSONALITIES
RELIGION
SPICES
SPORTS
TOURISM
WILDLIFE
WOMEN
Andaman and Nicobar
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Jammu and Kashmir
Manipur
Rajasthan
Andhra Pradesh
Daman and Diu
Jharkhand
Meghalaya
Sikkim
Arunachal Pradesh
Delhi
Karnataka
Mizoram
Tamil Nadu
Telangana
Assam
Goa
Kerala
Nagaland
Tripura
Bihar
Gujarat
Lakshadweep
Orissa
Uttar Pradesh
Chandigarh
Haryana
Madhya Pradesh
Pondicherry
Uttaranchal
Chhattisgarh
Himachal Pradesh
Maharashtra
Punjab
West Bengal

Copyright 2000- Suni Systems (P) Ltd.
All rights reserved