Folk Musical Instruments
Ravanhattha, ektara and sarangi are the stringed instruments used with
folk-songs. The Sarangi serves as an echo of the singer. The adoption
of this instrument by the folk instrumentalists bring the folk songs of
Rajasthan very close to classicism.
The Ravanhattha is a stringed which is used by minstrel
himself. The ghunghroos tied to the rod, which rub the string also give
tal to the song.
The Kamaichi is another stringed instrument with twenty seven strings.
Its shape is quite different from the Sarangi-veena. It is worn round
the neck and played in standing posture in certain areas of Mewar. The
Rawaz is another instrument used by the Raos and the Bhats in Mewar. It
has twelve strings and is played with a nakha instead of rod.
The tanduro, veena, chantaro or nishan are also stringed
instruments used by folk musicians. Nishan is very popular among the devotees
There is a variety of instruments played by the mouth
including the bansuri, algoza ( a pair of flutes operating as one), satara,
shehnai, toto, pungi (played by snake chambers and jogis), nad, bankia,
conch and singi (used by mendicants and fakirs). Madal, mridang, changri,
naubhat, dhumso, dafra, khanjari, dhibko, apang, matki and damru are also