|
|
|
|
logo
Saturday, February 24, 2018
FOLLOW US ON
Find Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Follow Us on Google Plus Youtube
AUTOMOBILE CITY GUIDE CLASSIFIEDS Cookery Craft JOBS MOVIES NEWS EDUCATION VIDEOS YELLOWPAGES Real Estate MORE
 
 

 

Orissa

 Land
 History
 People
 Festivals
 Economy
 Arts
 Tourism
 Tell A Friend
 Feedback
 Major Cities
 Bhubaneswar
 Rourkela

Land

 Land | Climate | Environmental DegradationNatural Vegetation | Districts


Climate

Orissa, on the eastern sea board of India, enjoys a tropical monsoon type of  climate like most other parts of the country. Its annual average rainfall is about 200cm. The south-west monsoon normally sets in between 5th June in the coastal plain, and by 1st July the whole of the state is under the full sway of the south-west  monsoon. By 15th October, the south-west monsoon withdraws completely from Orissa. Orissa, on the eastern coast of India, is not directly influenced by south-west monsoon branch from the Bay of Bengal like the west coast, but the annual cyclones from the Bay of Bengal influence it and bring copious rain with two seasonal peaks, July-August and October-November. During the winter, except Northern Orissa, all other parts remain almost dry.

Rainfall

Monsoon rainfall is of highest importance as it directly controls the crop condition in Orissa. Monsoon rainfall is considered 'high' when it is above 140cm and 'low' when it is less than 120 cm as this is barely sufficient for a good paddy harvest. Winter rainfall helps the growth of the second crop in Orissa and hence is of importance. A total rainfall of above 5 cm during the winter has been taken to be 'high' while less than 2.5cm is 'low' in Orissa.

Cyclones

Flood and drought are common to many states in India, but only a few states are subject to cyclones and tornado. Orissa is one of the few. Cyclone has in recent years become a regular feature like flood and drought.

 The cyclonic storms during the monsoon which originate in the Bay of Bengal often cross the east coast between Paradeep and Chandbali and make a north-west ward journey. They proceed over Kendujhar and head towards Sambalpur and then decrease in intensity. There are two cyclonic peaks in their occurrence, one during May-July and the other during October-November. As far as the periodicity of the occurrence of the storms is concerned, the maximum number of cyclones occurred during south-west monsoon period (154) followed by the post-monsoon period of the north-east monsoon (70) and pre-monsoon period (57).

Seasonal Divisions

Orissa experiences three main seasons, but the year is locally divided into six seasons.

  1. Grishma (Summer), Baisakha and Jyestha (mid-April to mid-June)

  2. Barsa (Rainy season), Ashadha and Sravana (mid-June to mid-August)

  3. Sharad (Autumn), Bhadraba and Aswina (mid- August to mid-October)

  4. Hemanta (Winter), Kartika and Margasira (mid-October to mid-December)

  5. Sisira (Winter), Pausa and Magha (mid-December to mid-February)

  6. Basanta (Spring), Falguna and Chaitra (mid-Feb to mid-April

These six local seasons are grouped into three main seasons:

Basanta and Grishma (Summer)

Barsa and Sharad (Rainy season)

Hemanta and Sisira (Winter)

[Back]


QUICK LINKS - WEBINDIA123.COM
CAREER OPTIONS
DATES AND EVENTS
INSTITUTES IN INDIA
STUDY ABROAD
UK, USA, Canada
CLASSIFIEDS
JOBS
MATRIMONIAL
ASTROLOGY
GORGEOUS CELEBRITIES
VIDEOS
E-CARDS
BEAUTY AND STYLE
HEALTH
COMMUNITY
FOOD
YOGA
CRAFTS
GARDENING
PHOTOS
Shopping
DEALS AND DISCOUNTS
YELLOW PAGES
TOUR PACKAGES
POCKET DICTIONARY
EVENTS
NEWS
WORLD TIME
DONATE BLOOD
AUTOMOBILE
CITY GUIDE
DANCE
FESTIVAL
FINANCE

GOVERNMENT

HISTORY
INDIAN CRAFTS
INDIA FACTS
law
MEDICINE
MUSIC
NRI
PERSONALITIES
RELIGION
SPICES
SPORTS
TOURISM
WILDLIFE
WOMEN
Kochi Biennale 2014
Andaman and Nicobar
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Jammu and Kashmir
Manipur
Rajasthan
Andhra Pradesh
Daman and Diu
Jharkhand
Meghalaya
Sikkim
Arunachal Pradesh
Delhi
Karnataka
Mizoram
Tamil Nadu
Telangana
Assam
Goa
Kerala
Nagaland
Tripura
Bihar
Gujarat
Lakshadweep
Orissa
Uttar Pradesh
Chandigarh
Haryana
Madhya Pradesh
Pondicherry
Uttaranchal
Chhattisgarh
Himachal Pradesh
Maharashtra
Punjab
West Bengal

Copyright 2000- Suni Systems (P) Ltd.
All rights reserved