Sunday, December 10, 2023
Odisha (Orissa)



Folk music is known as 'Deshi Sangit' which is not always standardised and may vary in scale, interval, tonality etc. from region to region, even though the same tune is identifiable. The rhythms of the folk music, like the tunes, come almost naturally to the people, and devoid of any sophistication, they appeal to the heart directly. A folk song is inherited and perpetuated by oral tradition from one generation to another. The peculiarity of  the folk song lies in the fact that every member of a community takes a more or less active part in its ceremonial function.

In Odisha (Orissa) folk music is both vocal and instrumental. Work songs, game songs, round songs, swing songs, spinning songs, teasing songs, songs of fasts and festivals are vocal. The beggar while begging sings with the help of dhuduki, flute, lyre etc. The snake-charmer plays on 'Nageswara' and sings 'Padmatola'. The man with a herd of buffaloes sing songs to the accompaniment of the one-string instrument, 'dhuduki' are instrumental. The guitar, the mandolin, the tambourine, the harmonium and the 'saptaswara' were recently introduced to raise harmonic and polyphonic effects in folk music. These city musical instruments are used to accompany folk songs in radio programmes or professional performances. Sometimes folk music play an important part in the turning point of life, Viz. birth, marriage when daughter leaves her father's house for the mother-in-law house or death.