Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Email
 
 

 

 Karnataka

 Land
 History
 People
 Festivals
 Economy
 Arts
 Tourism
Government
 Cuisine
 Photo Gallery
 Yellowpages
 Real Estate
 Events
 Classifieds
 Jobs
 Education

Arts


Yakshagana

Introduction | Stage | Characters | Music | Performance | Costume & Make Up | Ornaments | Headgears

Yakshagana

Yakshagana Yakshagana is believed to have a history of one thousand years. Yakshagana is believed to have represented a specific type of music of the 'yakhas'. Yaksha is the name of certain demi-gods attending on 'Kubera'- the god of wealth in the Hindu
 
mythology. 'Gaana' means song. By combining the meaning, the term Yakshagana might mean the 'song of Yakshas'.

Of the 29 districts in Karnataka, Yakshagana has established its firm roots in the districts of Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada, Dharwad, Mysore and Hassan. Based on its technique of presentation, Yakshagana has been broadly classified into 'Mudalapaya' (the custom of the east) and 'Paduvalapaya' (the custom of the west). Popularly known as 'Bayalata' or 'Aata', Mudalapaya is widely practiced in places like Tumkur, Bangalore, Kolar, Mandya, Mysore, Hassan, Chitradurga, Bellary, Dharwad, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Raichur, Bidar and Belgaum. While Yakshagana of North Karnataka has assumed varied forms like 'Sannata', 'Doddata', 'Krishna Parijatha' and 'Dasarata'. The form of Paduvalapaya' popular extensively in Uttara and Dakshina Kannad districts has been further divided into 'Thenku Tittu' (south) and 'Badagu Tittu' (north). Paduvalapaya is practiced in places like Karki, Keladi, Ikkeri, Sagar, Kolluru, Maranakatt, Sankuru, Coondapur, Kotesvara, Kota, Udupi, Dharmasthala, Mangalore, Brahmavara, Suratkal and Saligrama.

The Epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata offer extensive material for Yakshagana Prasangas (topic). The literature is presented both in verse and prose and the former is interpreted in simple prose and dialogues. The show begins with an announcement of Yakshagana by beating the 'Chande', in important places of the village.    

Top

Stage

Yakshagana is performed in a rectangular stage built with four wooden poles installed on four corners and covered by mats of palm leaves on the top. Away from the backstage is a small place called 'Chowki', the greenroom for the artistes. The audience sits on all the three sides of the platform and a curtain covers only the back stage.

 

Characters

The life force of Yakshagana is the Bhagavata, the chief  narrator of the story, in the verse form. Bhagavata also conducts light hearted conversation with the 'Vidushaka'-  the jester. The dialogues between these two characters is very amusing and the Bhagavata ably supports the Vidushaka in carrying out extempore dialogues.

Top

 

Music

Music is the essence of Yakshagana and the narration is in verse form. It is the songs and poems which transmit the story and the songs are invariably sung by the Bhagavata. The music in Yakshagana is excellent and it seems to have been woven into Yakshagana with commendable background knowledge of its costuming and make up of the characters. Prose in Yakshagana is in the form of dialogues. The songs are sung by the Bhagavata at a very high pith and hence is considered as a distinct style of music. The rhythm that dictates the body movements, footwork and the performance actually flows from the musical instruments. In Paduvalapaya, 'Chande' (a cylindrical percussion drum beaten with two thin sticks) is the vigorous instruments and the beats of the Chande are symbolic of valour and prowess. Regional differences allow the use of other instruments like gong and cymbals. In Mudalapaya, the chief instrument is Mukhaveena (flute like wind instrument, a form of Nadaswara, a kind of musical pipe). Percussion instruments like the 'Maddale' and the 'Mrudanga' lend musical support. The latest trend is to use harmonium.

Top

 


QUICK LINKS - WEBINDIA123.COM
CAREER OPTIONS
DATES AND EVENTS
INSTITUTES IN INDIA
STUDY ABROAD
UK, USA, Canada
CLASSIFIEDS
JOBS
MATRIMONIAL
ASTROLOGY
GORGEOUS CELEBRITIES
VIDEOS
E-CARDS
BEAUTY AND STYLE
HEALTH
COMMUNITY
FOOD
YOGA
CRAFTS
GARDENING
PHOTOS
Shopping
DEALS AND DISCOUNTS
YELLOW PAGES
TOUR PACKAGES
POCKET DICTIONARY
EVENTS
NEWS
WORLD TIME
DONATE BLOOD
AUTOMOBILE
CITY GUIDE
DANCE
FESTIVAL
FINANCE

GOVERNMENT

HISTORY
INDIAN CRAFTS
INDIA FACTS
law
MEDICINE
MUSIC
NRI
PERSONALITIES
RELIGION
SPICES
SPORTS
TOURISM
WILDLIFE
WOMEN
Kochi Biennale 2014
Andaman and Nicobar
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Jammu and Kashmir
Manipur
Rajasthan
Andhra Pradesh
Daman and Diu
Jharkhand
Meghalaya
Sikkim
Arunachal Pradesh
Delhi
Karnataka
Mizoram
Tamil Nadu
Telangana
Assam
Goa
Kerala
Nagaland
Tripura
Bihar
Gujarat
Lakshadweep
Orissa
Uttar Pradesh
Chandigarh
Haryana
Madhya Pradesh
Pondicherry
Uttaranchal
Chhattisgarh
Himachal Pradesh
Maharashtra
Punjab
West Bengal

Copyright 2000- Suni Systems (P) Ltd.
All rights reserved