Muslim Festivals »
Place : All over India
Significance: Martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussein
This Muslim festival of mourning is observed
in the first month of the Hijra year, Muharram. The festival commemorates the
martyrdom of the prophet Mohammed's grandson- Hazrat Imam Hussein.
It is celebrated with great fervour by the Muslims especially the Shia community.
Hazrat Hussain was the second son of Fatimah,
the prophet Muhammad's daughter. He was brutally murdered with his whole family
and followers by the wicked, Yazid, a Muslim ruler at Karbala in Mecca. This
dispute was result of a disagreement among Muslims on the question of succession
after the demise of Hazrat Ali, the fourth caliph.
Tazias, glittering replicas of the Martyr's
tomb, are carried in procession through the streets. The Tazias of Lucknow and
Hyderabad are noted for their splendour. The Muslims observe fasts,
offer prayers recites 'fatihas' in homage to the martyrs who fought bravely
for preserving their faith. In places like Lucknow, Delhi, Agra and Jaipur,
grand scale processions are held. People beat their chest in mourning
to the tune of beating drums and chants 'Ya Hussain'. Devotees beat themselves
and inflict wounds on their own bodies. Some sects of Muslims hold meetings
where speeches are made on the happenings of Karbala and on the lives of martyrs.
After the procession, the devotees return home, break their fast and give food,
clothes, money to the poor, needy and the sick in charity.
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All over India